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Code of Federal Regulations. Title 24. Housing and Urban Development. Subtitle A. Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development. Part 5. General HUD Program Requirements; Waivers. Subpart C. Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons with Disabilities. Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing Programs



Country of Origin: United States

Agency of Origin: Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development.

National Citation: 24 C. F. R. 5.350 - 5.380

Agency Citation:

Printable Version


Last checked by Web Center Staff: 07/2013


Summary:   This set of HUD regulations set forth the mandatory pet rules for housing programs. The procedure for the development of pet rules is outlined as well as pet rule violation procedures. One rule states that an applicant for tenancy in a project for the elderly or persons with disabilities may reject a unit offered by a project owner if the unit is in close proximity to a dwelling unit in which an existing tenant of the project owns or keeps a common household pet. The rules also contemplate protection of the pet by allowing project owners to contact state or local authorities to remove the pet if the health or safety of the pet is threatened by the death or incapacity of the pet owner.
Material in Full:

§ 5.350 Mandatory pet rules for housing programs.

§ 5.353 Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.

§ 5.356 Housing programs: Pet rule violation procedures.

§ 5.359 Housing programs: Rejection of units by applicants for tenancy.

§ 5.360 Housing programs: Additional lease provisions.

§ 5.363 Housing programs: Protection of the pet.

§ 5.380 Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.


 

§ 5.350 Mandatory pet rules for housing programs.

Mandatory rules. The project owner must prescribe the following pet rules:

(a) Inoculations. The pet rules shall require pet owners to have their pets inoculated in accordance with State and local laws.

(b) Sanitary standards.

(1) The pet rules shall prescribe sanitary standards to govern the disposal of pet waste. These rules may:

(i) Designate areas on the project premises for pet exercise and the deposit of pet waste;

(ii) Forbid pet owners from exercising their pets or permitting their pets to deposit waste on the project premises outside the designated areas;

(iii) Require pet owners to remove and properly dispose of all removable pet waste; and

(iv) Require pet owners to remove pets from the premises to permit the pet to exercise or deposit waste, if no area in the project is designated for such purposes.

(2) In the case of cats and other pets using litter boxes, the pet rules may require the pet owner to change the litter (but not more than twice each week), may require pet owners to separate pet waste from litter (but not more than once each day), and may prescribe methods for the disposal of pet waste and used litter.

(c) Pet restraint. The pet rules shall require that all cats and dogs be appropriately and effectively restrained and under the control of a responsible individual while on the common areas of the project.

(d) Registration.

(1) The pet rules shall require pet owners to register their pets with the project owner. The pet owner must register the pet before it is brought onto the project premises, and must update the registration at least annually. The project owner may coordinate the annual update with the annual reexamination of tenant income, if applicable. The registration must include:

(i) A certificate signed by a licensed veterinarian or a State or local authority empowered to inoculate animals (or designated agent of such an authority) stating that the pet has received all inoculations required by applicable State and local law;

(ii) Information sufficient to identify the pet and to demonstrate that it is a common household pet; and

(iii) The name, address, and phone number of one or more responsible parties who will care for the pet if the pet owner dies, is incapacitated, or is otherwise unable to care for the pet.

(2) The project owner may require the pet owner to provide additional information necessary to ensure compliance with any discretionary rules prescribed under § 5.318, and shall require the pet owner to sign a statement indicating that he or she has read the pet rules and agrees to comply with them.

(3) The pet rules shall permit the project owner to refuse to register a pet if:

(i) The pet is not a common household pet;

(ii) The keeping of the pet would violate any applicable house pet rule;

(iii) The pet owner fails to provide complete pet registration information or fails annually to update the pet registration; or

(iv) The project owner reasonably determines, based on the pet owner's habits and practices, that the pet owner will be unable to keep the pet in compliance with the pet rules and other lease obligations. The pet's temperament may be considered as a factor in determining the prospective pet owner's ability to comply with the pet rules and other lease obligations.

(4) The project owner may not refuse to register a pet based on a determination that the pet owner is financially unable to care for the pet or that the pet is inappropriate, based on the therapeutic value to the pet owner or the interests of the property or existing tenants.

(5) The pet rules shall require the project owner to notify the pet owner if the project owner refuses to register a pet. The notice shall state the basis for the project owner's action and shall be served on the pet owner in accordance with the requirements of § 5.353(f)(1)(i) or (ii). The notice of refusal to register a pet may be combined with a notice of pet violation as required in § 5.356.

SOURCE: 61 FR 5202, Feb. 9, 1996; 61 FR 9041, March 6, 1996; 61 FR 9537, March 8, 1996; 61 FR 9543, March 8, 1996; 61 FR 11113, March 18, 1996; 61 FR 13616, March 27, 1996; 61 FR 54498, Oct. 18, 1996; 70 FR 77743, Dec. 30, 2005; 73 FR 72340, Nov. 28, 2008; 75 FR 66258, Oct. 27, 2010, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 42 U.S.C. 1437a, 1437c, 1437d, 1437f, 1437n, 3535(d), Sec. 327, Pub.L. 109–115, 119 Stat. 2936, and Sec. 607, Pub.L. 109–162, 119 Stat. 3051.; 42 U.S.C. 1701r–1 and 3535(d).

 

§ 5.353 Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.

(a) General. Project owners shall use the procedures specified in this section to promulgate the pet rules referred to in §§ 5.318 and 5.350.

(b) Development and notice of proposed pet rules. Project owners shall develop proposed rules to govern the owning or keeping of common household pets in projects for the elderly or persons with disabilities. Notice of the proposed pet rules shall be served on each tenant of the project as provided in paragraph (f) of this section. The notice shall:

(1) Include the text of the proposed rules;

(2) State that tenants or tenant representatives may submit written comments on the rules; and

(3) State that all comments must be submitted to the project owner no later than 30 days from the effective date of the notice of the proposed rules.

(4) The notice may also announce the date, time, and place for a meeting to discuss the proposed rules (as provided in paragraph (c) of this section).

(c) Tenant consultation. Tenants or tenant representatives may submit written comments on the proposed pet rules to the project owner by the date specified in the notice of proposed rules. In addition, the owner may schedule one or more meetings with tenants during the comment period to discuss the proposed rules. Tenants and tenant representatives may make oral comments on the proposed rules at these meetings. The project owner must consider comments made at these meetings only if they are summarized, reduced to writing, and submitted to the project owner before the end of the comment period.

(d) Development and notice of final pet rules. The project owner shall develop the final rules after reviewing tenants' written comments and written summaries of any owner-tenant meetings. The project owner may meet with tenants and tenant representatives to attempt to resolve issues raised by the comments. Subject to this subpart C, the content of the final pet rules, however, is within the sole discretion of the project owner. The project owner shall serve on each tenant of the project, a notice of the final pet rules as provided in paragraph (f) of this section. The notice must include the text of the final pet rules and must specify the effective date of the final pet rules.

(e) Amendment of pet rules. The project owner may amend the pet rules at any time by following the procedure for the development of pet rules specified in paragraphs (b) through (d) of this section.

(f) Service of notice.

(1) The project owner must serve the notice required under this section by:

(i) Sending a letter by first class mail, properly stamped and addressed to the tenant at the dwelling unit, with a proper return address; or

(ii) Serving a copy of the notice on any adult answering the door at the tenant's leased dwelling unit, or if no adult responds, by placing the notice under or through the door, if possible, or else by attaching the notice to the door; or

(iii) For service of notice to tenants of a high-rise building, posting the notice in at least three conspicuous places within the building and maintaining the posted notices intact and in legible form for 30 days. For purposes of paragraph (f) of this section, a high-rise building is a structure that is equipped with an elevator and has a common lobby.

(2) For purposes of computing time periods following service of the notice, service is effective on the day that all notices are delivered or mailed, or in the case of service by posting, on the day that all notices are initially posted.

SOURCE: 61 FR 5202, Feb. 9, 1996; 61 FR 9041, March 6, 1996; 61 FR 9537, March 8, 1996; 61 FR 9543, March 8, 1996; 61 FR 11113, March 18, 1996; 61 FR 13616, March 27, 1996; 61 FR 54498, Oct. 18, 1996; 70 FR 77743, Dec. 30, 2005; 73 FR 72340, Nov. 28, 2008; 75 FR 66258, Oct. 27, 2010, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 42 U.S.C. 1437a, 1437c, 1437d, 1437f, 1437n, 3535(d), Sec. 327, Pub.L. 109–115, 119 Stat. 2936, and Sec. 607, Pub.L. 109–162, 119 Stat. 3051.; 42 U.S.C. 1701r–1 and 3535(d).

 

§ 5.356 Housing programs: Pet rule violation procedures.

(a) Notice of pet rule violation. If a project owner determines on the basis of objective facts, supported by written statements, that a pet owner has violated a rule governing the owning or keeping of pets; the project owner may serve a written notice of pet rule violation on the pet owner in accordance with § 5.353(f)(1)(i) or (ii). The notice of pet rule violation must:

(1) Contain a brief statement of the factual basis for the determination and the pet rule or rules alleged to be violated;

(2) State that the pet owner has 10 days from the effective date of service of the notice to correct the violation (including, in appropriate circumstances, removal of the pet) or to make a written request for a meeting to discuss the violation;

(3) State that the pet owner is entitled to be accompanied by another person of his or her choice at the meeting; and

(4) State that the pet owner's failure to correct the violation, to request a meeting, or to appear at a requested meeting may result in initiation of procedures to terminate the pet owner's tenancy.

(b)(1) Pet rule violation meeting. If the pet owner makes a timely request for a meeting to discuss an alleged pet rule violation, the project owner shall establish a mutually agreeable time and place for the meeting but no later than 15 days from the effective date of service of the notice of pet rule violation (unless the project owner agrees to a later date). At the pet rule violation meeting, the pet owner and project owner shall discuss any alleged pet rule violation and attempt to correct it. The project owner may, as a result of the meeting, give the pet owner additional time to correct the violation.

(2) Notice for pet removal. If the pet owner and project owner are unable to resolve the pet rule violation at the pet rule violation meeting, or if the project owner determines that the pet owner has failed to correct the pet rule violation within any additional time provided for this purpose under paragraph (b)(1) of this section, the project owner may serve a written notice on the pet owner in accordance with § 5.353(f)(1)(i) or (ii) (or at the meeting, if appropriate), requiring the pet owner to remove the pet. The notice must:

(i) Contain a brief statement of the factual basis for the determination and the pet rule or rules that have been violated;

(ii) State that the pet owner must remove the pet within 10 days of the effective date of service of the notice of pet removal (or the meeting, if notice is served at the meeting); and

(iii) State that failure to remove the pet may result in initiation of procedures to terminate the pet owner's tenancy.

(c) Initiation of procedures to remove a pet or terminate the pet owner's tenancy.

(1) The project owner may not initiate procedures to terminate a pet owner's tenancy based on a pet rule violation, unless:

(i) The pet owner has failed to remove the pet or correct a pet rule violation within the applicable time period specified in this section (including any additional time permitted by the owner); and

(ii) The pet rule violation is sufficient to begin procedures to terminate the pet owner's tenancy under the terms of the lease and applicable regulations.

(2) The project owner may initiate procedures to remove a pet under § 5.327 at any time, in accordance with the provisions of applicable State or local law.

SOURCE: 61 FR 5202, Feb. 9, 1996; 61 FR 9041, March 6, 1996; 61 FR 9537, March 8, 1996; 61 FR 9543, March 8, 1996; 61 FR 11113, March 18, 1996; 61 FR 13616, March 27, 1996; 61 FR 54498, Oct. 18, 1996; 70 FR 77743, Dec. 30, 2005; 73 FR 72340, Nov. 28, 2008; 75 FR 66258, Oct. 27, 2010, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 42 U.S.C. 1437a, 1437c, 1437d, 1437f, 1437n, 3535(d), Sec. 327, Pub.L. 109–115, 119 Stat. 2936, and Sec. 607, Pub.L. 109–162, 119 Stat. 3051.; 42 U.S.C. 1701r–1 and 3535(d).

 

§ 5.359 Housing programs: Rejection of units by applicants for tenancy.

(a) An applicant for tenancy in a project for the elderly or persons with disabilities may reject a unit offered by a project owner if the unit is in close proximity to a dwelling unit in which an existing tenant of the project owns or keeps a common household pet. An applicant's rejection of a unit under this section shall not adversely affect his or her application for tenancy in the project, including (but not limited to) his or her position on the project waiting list or qualification for any tenant selection preference.

(b) Nothing in this subpart C imposes a duty on project owners to provide alternate dwelling units to existing or prospective tenants because of the proximity of common household pets to a particular unit or the presence of such pets in the project.

SOURCE: 61 FR 5202, Feb. 9, 1996; 61 FR 9041, March 6, 1996; 61 FR 9537, March 8, 1996; 61 FR 9543, March 8, 1996; 61 FR 11113, March 18, 1996; 61 FR 13616, March 27, 1996; 61 FR 54498, Oct. 18, 1996; 70 FR 77743, Dec. 30, 2005; 73 FR 72340, Nov. 28, 2008; 75 FR 66258, Oct. 27, 2010, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 42 U.S.C. 1437a, 1437c, 1437d, 1437f, 1437n, 3535(d), Sec. 327, Pub.L. 109–115, 119 Stat. 2936, and Sec. 607, Pub.L. 109–162, 119 Stat. 3051.; 42 U.S.C. 17

 

§ 5.360 Housing programs: Additional lease provisions.

(a) Inspections. In addition to other inspections permitted under the lease, the leases for all Housing program tenants of projects for the elderly or persons with disabilities may state that the project owner may, after reasonable notice to the tenant and during reasonable hours, enter and inspect the premises. The lease shall permit entry and inspection only if the project owner has received a signed, written complaint alleging (or the project owner has reasonable grounds to believe) that the conduct or condition of a pet in the dwelling unit constitutes, under applicable State or local law, a nuisance or a threat to the health or safety of the occupants of the project or other persons in the community where the project is located.

(b) Emergencies.

(1) If there is no State or local authority (or designated agent of such an authority) authorized under applicable State or local law to remove a pet that becomes vicious, displays symptoms of severe illness, or demonstrates other behavior that constitutes an immediate threat to the health or safety of the tenancy as a whole, the project owner may place a provision in tenant leases permitting the project owner to enter the premises (if necessary), remove the pet, and take such action with respect to the pet as may be permissible under State and local law, which may include placing it in a facility that will provide care and shelter for a period not to exceed 30 days.

(2) The lease shall permit the project owner to enter the premises and remove the pet or take such other permissible action only if the project owner requests the pet owner to remove the pet from the project immediately, and the pet owner refuses to do so, or if the project owner is unable to contact the pet owner to make a removal request. The lease may not contain a provision relieving the project owner from liability for wrongful removal of a pet. The cost of the animal care facility shall be paid as provided in § 5.363.

(3) The project owner may place a provision in tenant leases permitting the project owner to enter the premises, remove the pet, and place the pet in a facility that will provide care and shelter, in accordance with the provisions of § 5.363. The lease may not contain a provision relieving the project owner from liability for wrongful removal of a pet.

SOURCE: 61 FR 5202, Feb. 9, 1996; 61 FR 9041, March 6, 1996; 61 FR 9537, March 8, 1996; 61 FR 9543, March 8, 1996; 61 FR 11113, March 18, 1996; 61 FR 13616, March 27, 1996; 61 FR 54498, Oct. 18, 1996; 70 FR 77743, Dec. 30, 2005; 73 FR 72340, Nov. 28, 2008; 75 FR 66258, Oct. 27, 2010, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 42 U.S.C. 1437a, 1437c, 1437d, 1437f, 1437n, 3535(d), Sec. 327, Pub.L. 109–115, 119 Stat. 2936, and Sec. 607, Pub.L. 109–162, 119 Stat. 3051.; 42 U.S.C. 1701r–1 and 3535(d).

 

§ 5.363 Housing programs: Protection of the pet.

(a) If the health or safety of a pet is threatened by the death or incapacity of the pet owner, or by other factors that render the pet owner unable to care for the pet, the project owner may contact the responsible party or parties listed in the pet registration required under § 5.350(d)(1)(iii).

(b) If the responsible party or parties are unwilling or unable to care for the pet, or the project owner, despite reasonable efforts, has been unable to contact the responsible party or parties, the project owner may contact the appropriate State or local authority (or designated agent of such an authority) and request the removal of the pet.

(c) If there is no State or local authority (or designated agent of such an authority) authorized to remove a pet under these circumstances and the project owner has placed a provision in the lease agreement (as described in § 5.360(c)(2)), the project owner may enter the pet owner's unit, remove the pet, and place the pet in a facility that will provide care and shelter until the pet owner or a representative of the pet owner is able to assume responsibility for the pet, but not longer than 30 days.

(d) The cost of the animal care facility provided under this section shall be borne by the pet owner. If the pet owner (or the pet owner's estate) is unable or unwilling to pay, the cost of the animal care facility may be paid from the pet deposit, if imposed under the pet rules.

SOURCE: 61 FR 5202, Feb. 9, 1996; 61 FR 9041, March 6, 1996; 61 FR 9537, March 8, 1996; 61 FR 9543, March 8, 1996; 61 FR 11113, March 18, 1996; 61 FR 13616, March 27, 1996; 61 FR 54498, Oct. 18, 1996; 70 FR 77743, Dec. 30, 2005; 73 FR 72340, Nov. 28, 2008; 75 FR 66258, Oct. 27, 2010, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 42 U.S.C. 1437a, 1437c, 1437d, 1437f, 1437n, 3535(d), Sec. 327, Pub.L. 109–115, 119 Stat. 2936, and Sec. 607, Pub.L. 109–162, 119 Stat. 3051.; 42 U.S.C. 1701r–1 and 3535(d).

 

§ 5.380 Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.

PHAs that choose to promulgate pet rules shall consult with tenants of projects for the elderly or persons with disabilities administered by them with respect to their promulgation and subsequent amendment. PHAs shall develop the specific procedures governing tenant consultation, but these procedures must be designed to give tenants (or, if appropriate, tenant councils) adequate opportunity to review and comment upon the pet rules before they are issued for effect. PHAs are solely responsible for the content of final pet rules, but must give consideration to tenant comments. PHAs shall send to the responsible HUD field office, copies of the final (or amended) pet rules, as well as summaries or copies of all tenant comments received in the course of the tenant consultation.

SOURCE: 61 FR 5202, Feb. 9, 1996; 61 FR 9041, March 6, 1996; 61 FR 9537, March 8, 1996; 61 FR 9543, March 8, 1996; 61 FR 11113, March 18, 1996; 61 FR 13616, March 27, 1996; 61 FR 54498, Oct. 18, 1996; 70 FR 77743, Dec. 30, 2005; 73 FR 72340, Nov. 28, 2008; 75 FR 66258, Oct. 27, 2010, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 42 U.S.C. 1437a, 1437c, 1437d, 1437f, 1437n, 3535(d), Sec. 327, Pub.L. 109–115, 119 Stat. 2936, and Sec. 607, Pub.L. 109–162, 119 Stat. 3051.; 42 U.S.C. 1701r–1 and 3535(d).

 

 



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