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New York

New York Consolidated Laws 1938: Sections 180-196

Statute Details
Printable Version
Citation: N.Y. Penal Law 180-196 (Consol. 1938)



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Summary:  

Article 16, entitled "Animals", concerns New York's Law about the treatment of animals from 1938.  The act covers such topics as poisoning of animals to abandoning diseased or injured animals.  In addition, the act provides definitions in section 180.



Statute in Full:

ARTICLE XVI.

 

ANIMALS.

Section 

         180.Definitions.

185.Overdriving, torturing and injuring animals; failing to provide proper sustenance.

186.Abandonment of disabled animal.

-Poisoning Horses

-Liability of Officers

188.Selling or offering to sell or exposing diseased animal.

190.Poisoning or attempting to poison animals.

193.Transporting animals for more than twenty-four consecutive hours without unloading.

196.To whom fines and penalties are to be paid.

                        The American Society for the prevention of cruelty to animals.
Section 180.  Definitions.

      Subd. 1  - The words "bird or animal" held to embrace "game cocks." People v. Klock, 48 Hun 275 (1888).

 

      Subd. 2 embraces the infliction of cruelty by any willful means, but does not include horseshoeing.  People v. Beattle, 96 App. Div. 383, 89 (1904).

            Administering poison is cruelty to animals.  People ex rel. Knatt v. Davy, 33 N.Y. Supp. 106 (1893).

 

             Subd. 3  - People v. Clipperly, 37 Hun 3169, affd. 101 N.Y. 634 (1885).

 

            Section 185.  Overdriving, torturing and injuring animals; failing to provide proper sustenance.

            Application of section.  - Overdriving is a misdemeanor.  Rutheford v. Kranse 8 Misc. 547, 29 N.Y. Supp 787 (1894).  And so is the pulling out of a horse's tongue.  People v. Theobold, 92 Hun 182, 36 N.Y. Supp. 498 (1895).

            The use of a "treadmill" is lawful, but abuse while so employed, whenever it amount to cruelty, is a misdemeanor.  People ex rel. Walker v. Special Sessions, 4 Hun 441 (1875);  see Warner c. Perry, 14 Hun 337 (1878).

            Guilt question of fact - The guilt of a person accused of this crime is a question of fact for the jury.  Davis v. American Society, etc., 75 N.Y. 362 (1878).

 

            Section 186.  Abandonment of disabled animal.

            Poisoning horses is a misdemeanor.  People v. Christy, 20 N.Y. Supp. 378 (1892)

            Liability of officer who kills a horse pursuant to this section.  Sahr. V. Scholle, 89 Hun 42.  35 N.Y. Supp 97 (1895)

 

            Section 188.  Selling or offering to sell or exposing diseased animal.

            Constitutionality of section.  - See Fisher v. Clark, 41 Barb, 329 (1863).

 

            Section 190.  Poisoning or attempting to poison animals.

            Mixing poison with salt and scattering the same in another person's pasture comes with this section.  People v. Knott, 156 N.Y. 304 (1898).

 

            Section 193.  Transporting animals for more than twenty-four consecutive hours without unloading.

            Violation of section. - Transporting cattle for thirty-five hours without unloading, thereby causing the death of one of them, is a violation of this section.  Galloway v. Erie R.R. Co., 107 App. Div 210 95 N.Y. Supp. 17 (1905)

            In an action for damages for failure to deliver cars for transportation of stock, the objection was that the contract was in violation of this section cannot be raised for the first time on appeal.  Hastings v. New York, O. & W. Ry. Co., 6 N.Y. Supp 836 (1889)

 

            Section 196.  To whom the fines and penalties are to be paid.

            Constitutionality.  - A statute, so far as it requires an owner of a dog to pay a license fee to a corporation for its own use, is unconstitutional under the limitations of art. 8 of the Constitution.  Fox v. Mohawk & H.R. Humane Society, 165 N.Y. 517, affg. 25 App. Div. 26, 48 N.Y. Supp. 625 (1898), and revg. 20 Misc. 467, 46 N.Y. Supp. 232 (1897).

         Powers and duties of the American Society for the prevention of cruelty to animals.  - See The American Society v. City of Gloversville, 78 Hun 40,29 N.Y. Supp. 257 (1894)



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