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Bear: Related Statutes

Statute Name Citation Summary
AL - Bear Protection - Legislative findings. Prohibited activities; exceptions; applicability; penalties.   AL ST 9-11-480 to 481   These Alabama statutes were signed into law in 2001.  The laws declare that black bears are a species that require special protection in the state and make it illegal to hunt, wound, injure, kill, trap, collect, or capture a black bear, or to attempt to engage in that conduct during the closed season for black bear.  It also makes it illegal to sell or purchase bear parts.  
AR - Cruelty - Consolidated Cruelty/Animal Fighting Laws   AR ST 5-62-101 -126; 5-14-122   This section contains the Arkansas anti-cruelty and animal fighting provisions.  A person commits a misdemeanor if he or she knowingly abandons any animal, subjects any animal to cruel mistreatment, fails to supply an animal in his or her custody with a sufficient quantity of wholesome food and water, fails to provide an animal in his or her custody with adequate shelter, kills or injures any animal belonging to another without legal privilege or consent of the owner, or carries an animal in or upon any motorized vehicle or boat in a cruel or inhumane manner. Aggravated cruelty to a cat, dog, or horse is a Class D felony if the offense involves the torture.  
CA - Hunting Bears - Chapter 9. Bear   CA FISH & G 4750 - 4763   These sections outline the requirements for taking a bear in California.  It is unlawful, for example, to take any bear with a firearm, trap, or bow and arrow without first procuring a license tag authorizing the taking.  These sections list the license requirements and other restrictions on the method of taking, including penalties for violations.  
CO - Wildlife trade - Illegal sale of wildlife; penalties   CO ST 33-6-113   Colorado statute addressing illegal sale of wildlife, including bears.  
CT - Exotic Pets - 26-40a. Possession of potentially dangerous animal; Chapter 490. Fisheries and Game   CT ST 26-1, 26-40a; 26-54, 55, 61   These Connecticut states reflect the state's laws on the keeping of wild animals. Under § 26-40a, no person shall possess a potentially dangerous animal, which includes wildlife such as the  lion, leopard, cheetah, jaguar, ocelot, jaguarundi cat, puma, lynx, bobcat, wolf, coyote, all species of bears, gorilla, chimpanzee and orangutan. The Department of Environmental Protection shall issue a bill to the owner or person in illegal possession of such potentially dangerous animal for all costs of seizure, care, maintenance, relocation or disposal of such animal. Additionally, any person who violates any provision of this section shall be assessed a civil penalty not to exceed $2000, and is guilty of a class A misdemeanor. Under § 26-55, no person shall import or introduce into the state, possess or let loose, any live fish, wild bird, wild mammal, reptile, amphibian or invertebrate unless such person has obtained a permit. Again, a violator is responsible for expenses from the seizure, maintenance, and relocation of the illegally imported animal. The penalty includes a civil fine up to $1000 and results in a class C misdemeanor.  
KY - Trade - Buying and selling protected wildlife   KY ST 150.180; 150.390; 150.990   These statutes relate to trade in wildlife. The first statute prohibits the trade in protected wildlife. The next law prohibits the hunting of bears. Finally, the Kentucky statute providing punishment for violation of aforementioned statutes is provided.  
LA - Cruelty - Consolidated Cruelty Statutes   LSA-R.S. 14:102 - .26   These Louisiana statutes comprise the state's anti-cruelty provisions.  The term "cruel" is defined in the first section every act or failure to act whereby unjustifiable physical pain or suffering is caused or permitted.  The crime of cruelty to animals is subdivided into simple cruelty or aggravated cruelty. Simple cruelty occurs when a person intentionally or with criminal negligence overdrives, overloads, drives when overloaded, or overworks, torments, cruelly beats, or unjustifiably injures, or, having charge, custody, or possession of any animal, either as owner or otherwise, unjustifiably fails to provide any living animal with proper food, proper drink, proper shelter, or proper veterinary care.  
MD - Hunting - Maryland Initiative Summaries from API   HB 9, 10, and 377   These summaries for Maryland house bills 9, 10, and 377 were drafted by the Animal Protection Institute and list potential ramifications for passage or rejection of the proposed bills.  The bills concern changing hunting regulations to allow hunting on Sundays, further management measures for black bears, and the banning of steel leg-hold traps.  
MD - Hunting - Subtitle 9. Captive Wildlife.   MD NAT RES 10-901 - 911   This Maryland statute states that it is in the state's public interest to preserve native species by strictly regulating the possession, importation, exportation, breeding, raising, protection, rehabilitation, hunting, killing, trapping, capture, purchase, or sale of certain wildlife which pose a possibility of harm to native wildlife.  
MI - Hunting and Fishing Licenses - Chapter 324. Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act.   M.C.L.A. 324.43501 - 43531b   These sections describe the required licenses for each type of game animal or aquatic species.  
MI - Hunting and Fishing Licenses, Chapter 324. Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act   M.C.L.A. 324.43532 - 43561   These sections describe the required licenses for each type of game animal or aquatic species.  
MN - Wildlife, possession - Chapter 97A. Game and Fish. Possession and Transportation of Wild Animals.   MN ST 97A.501 - 552   These Minnesota statutes restrict possession and transportation of wild animals. No one may transport wild animals taken, bought, or sold in violation of the game and fish laws. In general, a person may not take, import, transport, or sell an endangered species of wild animal, but there are exceptions.  
MO - Exotic - Chapter 578. Miscellaneous Offenses. Large Carnivores   V.A.M.S. 578.600 - 578.625   The “Large Carnivore Act” pertains to large cats and bears that are nonnative to Missouri and held in captivity. The Act prohibits ownership, possession, breeding, and transportation of large carnivores (with exceptions). The Act creates civil and criminal liability for persons who own or possess a large carnivore. Violations may result in misdemeanor or felony convictions, community service work, the loss of privileges to own or possess any animal, and forfeiture of a large carnivore.  
MT - Bear - Chapter 5. Wildlife Protection. Part 3. Grizzly Bear   MT ST 87-5-301 to 87-5-303   These Montana statutes state that state policy is to manage grizzly bears to avoid conflicts with humans and livestock, and control distribution by trapping and lethal measures. The commission may regulate the hunting of grizzlies and establish requirements for their transportation, exportation, and importation.  
NH - Wildlife Damage - Wildlife Damage Control   N.H. Rev. Stat. 207:22 to 207:30   These New Hampshire statutes establish a wildlife damages control program to respond to conflicts between wildlife and people. A person who suffers loss or damage to livestock, bees, orchards or growing crops, by bear or mountain lion, may receive compensation from the state. The statutes allow a person to kill any unprotected bird or wild animal doing damage to poultry, crops, domestic animals on the person's property.  
Polar Bear Protection Act of 2007 (Introduced in Senate)   S. 1406  

This legislation seeks to close a loophole in the Marine Mammal Protection Act that currently allows American trophy hunters to bring the heads and hides of polar bears into the United States.

US - Trade - Bear Protection Act (Lacey Act)   H.R. 5534 (2008)   A bill to amend the Lacey Act to extend its protections to bears illegally harvested for their gallbladders in the same manner as with respect to prohibited wildlife species.  
WY - Grizzly Bear - Article 10. Grizzly Bear Relocation   WY ST 23-1-1001   This Wyoming statute requires that, when a grizzly bear is relocated, that the department must notify the sheriff and issue a press release to the media and sheriff.  The press release must provide the date and location of the relocation, and the number of bears to be relocated.

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