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Cat: Related Statutes

Statute Name Citation Summary
AK - Trusts - § 13.12.907. Honorary trusts; trusts for pets   AK ST § 13.12.907   This Alaska statute provides that trusts for the continuing care of designated domestic animals are valid, provided they are a duration of 21 years or less.  The trust terminates when a living animal is no longer covered by the trust.  Any remaining trust funds do not go to the trustee, but rather transfer by the order stipulated in the statute.  
AL - Fur - § 13A-11-241. Cruelty in first and second degrees (dog/cat fur provision)   AL ST § 13A-11-241   In Alabama, a person commits the crime of cruelty to a dog or cat in the first degree if he or she skins a domestic dog or cat or offers for sale or exchange or offers to buy or exchange the fur, hide, or pelt of a domestic dog or cat. Cruelty to a dog or cat in the first degree is a Class C felony.  
AL - Impound - Destruction of impounded dogs and cats   AL ST 3-7A-8   This Alabama statute provides that all dogs and cats which have been impounded for lack of rabies immunization, after due notice has been given to the owner as provided in Section 3-7A-7, may be humanely destroyed and disposed of when not redeemed by the owner within seven days.  The owner may redeem the animal before destruction by paying the associated costs of vaccination (if no proof of prior vaccination) and impoundment.  
AL - Impound - Maintenance of pound; notice of impoundment; adoption of animals.   AL ST 3-7A-7   This Alabama statute provides that it is the duty of each and every county in the state to provide a suitable county pound and impounding officer for the impoundment of dogs and cats found running at large in violation of the provisions of this chapter.  When dogs and cats are impounded and if the owner thereof is known, such owner shall be given direct notice of the impoundment of said animal or animals belonging to him; or the impounding officer may make said animal or animals available for adoption after a period of not less than seven days.  
AL - Sterilization - Chapter 9. Sterilization of Dogs and Cats.   AL ST § 3-9-1 to 4   These statutes require animal shelters, animal control agencies, and humane societies to sterilize dogs and cats acquired from other animal shelters, animal control agencies, and humane societies.  For purposes of this statute, the term "sterilization" refers to the surgical removal of the reproductive organs of a dog or cat in order to render the animal unable to reproduce.  Adoptive animals must be sterilized by a licensed veterinarian before the animal is released to the new owner, or the new owner must enter into a written agreement with the facility certifying that sterilization will be performed by a licensed veterinarian within 30 days after acquisition of the animal or within 30 days of the sexual maturity of the animal.   
AR - Exotic Pets, Large Carnivores - Subchapter 5. Ownership and Possession of Large Carnivores   AR ST § 20-19-501 to 511  

This Arkansas subchapter concerns the ownership and possession of large carnivores. Under the law, a large carnivore is defined as a bear, lion, or tiger. A person may possess a large carnivore only if he or she was in possession of the large carnivore on or before August 12, 2005 and the person applies for and is granted a permit for personal possession for each large carnivore not more than one hundred eighty (180) days after August 12, 2005. Except for these "grandfathered" possessors and other entities (zoos, USDA permittees, veterinary hospitals, etc.) it is illegal for anyone to own, possess, breed, or transfer ownership of a large carnivore. (See also Link to Wolf-Dog Hybrid Law (AR ST § 20-19-401 - 408)).

 
AR - Ordinances - Regulation by suburban improvement district (dogs/cats).   AR ST § 14-16-701   This Arkansas statute provides that, upon the written request of the governing body of a suburban improvement district (as defined by statute), a county may by ordinance control and regulate dogs and cats within all or any part of the suburban improvement district.  This statute does not elaborate on the confines of such ordinances, so it is assumed the subject matter is constrained only through preemption.  
AR - Pet Sales - Chapter 97. Retail Pet Stores.   AR ST §§ 4-97-101 - 109   This statutory section comprises the Arkansas Retail Pet Store Consumer Protection Act of 1991.  The purpose of the act is to ensure that purchasers receive consumer animals that are physically and temperamentally sound, healthy, and fit as companions.  The Act also provides a means by which the acquisition and care of those animals can be monitored.  
AZ - Pet Sales - Title 44. Trade and Commerce. Chapter 11. Regulations Concerning Particular Businesses. Article 17. Pet Dealers.   AZ ST 44-1799 - 1799.09   This Arizona statutory section comprises the state's pet shop laws.  The section requires that retail pet sellers provide purchasers a notice of rights that includes a statement of good health signed by a veterinarian.  Purchasers have fifteen days to return unhealthy or diseased dogs and receive a refund or compensation for reasonable veterinary expenses.  
AZ - Pet Trusts - Honorary trusts; trusts   AZ ST § 14-2907; AZ ST § 14-10408   This Arizona statute allows for the creation of a trust for a designated domestic or pet animal, and must be performed in 21 years or less.  The trust terminates when no living animal is covered by the trust; the remaining property is distributed according to statute and cannot be converted by the trustee.  
CA - Abandonment - § 597s. Abandonment of animals   CA PENAL § 597s   This statute makes it a misdemeanor to willfully abandon an animal, but does not apply to the release or rehabilitation and release of native California wildlife pursuant to statute or regulations of the California Department of Fish and Game.  
CA - Cats - Consolidated Cat Laws   West's Ann. Cal. Food & Agric. Code § 31750 - 31766; West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 4150 - 4151   These statutes comprise California consolidated cat laws.  Among the provisions include possession requirements for non-domestic cats, vaccination and impound procedures for domestic cats, and legislative policy statements about feral cats.  
CA - Disaster - § 8608. California Animal Response Emergency System (CARES) program; incorporation into standardized emergency management system   CA GOVT § 8608   The California Emergency Management Agency is directed to approve, adopt, and incorporate the California Animal Response Emergency System (CARES) program into the standardized emergency management system.  
CA - Domestic Violence - Inclusion of Animals; Domestic Violence   CA FAM § 6320 - 6327   On a showing of good cause, the court may include in a protective order a grant to the petitioner of the exclusive care, possession, or control of any animal owned, possessed, leased, kept, or held by either the petitioner or the respondent or a minor child residing in the residence or household of either the petitioner or the respondent.  
CA - Euthanasia - § 597u. Animals; prohibited killing methods   CA PENAL § 597u   This statute prohibits the use by any person of carbon monoxide gas or an intracardiac injection of a euthanasia agent on a conscious animal to kill an animal.
 
CA - Euthanasia - § 597v. Newborn dog or cat; methods of killing   CA PENAL § 597v   The statute prohibits the killing of a newborn dog or cat whose eyes have not yet opened by any other method than by the use of chloroform vapor or by inoculation of barbiturates.  
CA - Euthanasia - § 597w. Repealed by Stats.2005, c. 652 (A.B.1426), § 2   CA PENAL § 597w (repealed)   This repealed statute prohibited the killing of any dog or cat by the use of any high-altitude decompression chamber or nitrogen gas.  
CA - Euthanasia - § 599d. Policy of state regarding adoptable and treatable animals   CA PENAL § 599d  

This law provides that it is the policy of the state that no adoptable animal shall be euthanized.

 
CA - Fur - § 598a. Killing dog or cat with intent of selling or giving away pelt; possession, sale or importation of pelt with intent of selling or giving away   CA PENAL § 598a   This statute makes it a misdemeanor to kill any dog or cat with the sole intent of selling or giving away the pelt of the animal.  It also makes it a misdemeanor to possess, import into California, sell, buy, give away or accept any pelt of a dog or cat with the sole intent of selling or giving away the pelt of the dog or cat.  
CA - Impound - § 597e. Domestic animals; impounding without sufficient food or water; supply by third party; collection of cost   CA PENAL § 597e   This statute requires anyone who impounds an animal to supply the animal with sufficient food and water.  It also states that if an animal is not provided with food and water, a person may enter the pound where the animal is being held, and provide it with food and water without being liable for the entry.  
CA - Lost Property - Lost and Unclaimed Property   CA CIVIL § 2080 - 2082   This statutory section comprises California's lost property laws.  
CA - Mountain Lions - Chapter 10. Mountain Lions   CA FISH & G § 4800 - 4810  

California statutes make mountain lions specially protected mammals.  These sections make it unlawful to take, injure, possess, transport, import, or sell any mountain lion or any part or product thereof.  Specific exceptions to these prohibitions include instances where a mountain lion is perceived to be an imminent threat to public health or safety or when it is perceived by to be an imminent threat to the survival of any threatened, endangered, candidate, or fully protected sheep species. 

 
CA - Pet Sales - Chapter 5. Sale of Dogs and Cats   CA HLTH & S §§ 122045 - 122315   This section requires that dog breeders provide a written disclosure upon the sale of any dog with information such as the breeder’s name and address, the dog’s birth date, breed. sex, color, and vet record, and a signed statement from the breeder that the dog has no known diseases. Any breeder who knowingly sells a diseased dog faces a civil penalty. Breeders must provide dogs with sanitary housing, adequate food, water, exercise and veterinary care.  
CA - Slaughter - § 598b. Animals commonly kept as pets or companions; use as food; violation; exceptions   CA PENAL § 598b   This statute makes it a misdemeanor to possess, import into, or export from, California, sell, buy, give away, or accept any carcass of any animal commonly kept as a pet with the intent of using any part of that carcass for food.  It is also a misdemeanor to possess, import, export, buy, sell, give away or accept a common pet animal with the intent of killing it for food.
 
CA - Trusts - § 15212. Trusts for care of animals; duration; requirements; accountings; beneficiaries   CA PROBATE § 15212   This California statute provides that a person can create a trust for the care of a designated domestic or pet animal for the life of the animal.  The duration will only be for the life of the pet, even if the trust instrument contemplates a longer duration.  Note that the statute uses the singular form of "animal" and the term "domestic" or "pet" is used.  
CO - Domestic Violence - Animals and Domestic Violence; Definition.   CO ST § 18-6-800.3   This statute includes within the definition of "domestic violence" any other crime against a person, or against property, including an animal, or any municipal ordinance violation against a person, or against property, including an animal, when used as a method of coercion, control, punishment, intimidation, or revenge directed against a person with whom the actor is or has been involved in an intimate relationship.  
CO - Impound - Article 4. Disease Control   CO ST § 25-4-610   This Colorado statute provides that it is unlawful for any owner of any dog, cat, other pet animal, or other mammal which has not been inoculated as required by the order of the county board of health or board of health of a health department to allow it to run at large. The health department or health officer may capture and impound any such dog, cat, other pet animal.  
CO - Pet Shop - Article 80. Pet Animal Care and Facilities Act   CO ST § 35-80-101 to 117   This Colorado Act regulates pet animal facilities (i.e., shelters, large kennels, and breeders).  The Act covers licensing of the facilities and those activities deemed unlawful, such as selling a kitten or puppy under the age of 8 weeks and refusing a lawful inspection.  
CO - Trusts for Pets - Article 11. Intestate Succession and Wills.   CO ST § 15-11-901   This Colorado statute provides that trust for the care of designated domestic or pet animals and the animals' offspring in gestation is valid.  The determination of the "animals' offspring in gestation" is made at the time the designated domestic or pet animals become present beneficiaries of the trust. Unless the trust instrument provides for an earlier termination, the trust terminates when no living animal is covered by the trust (but no longer than 21 years).  The trust property then transfers as provided by statute, but the trustee may not covert the trust property.  
CO - Veterinary - Article 29.3. Uniform Emergency Volunteer Health Practitioners Act   CO ST § 12-29.3-101 to 113   The Uniform Emergency Volunteer Health Practitioners Act applies to registered volunteer health practitioners and who provide health or veterinary services for a host entity during an emergency.  
CT - Evacuation of Animals During Disasters - Chapter 517. Civil Preparedness. Department of Emergency Management and Homeland Security   CT ST § 28-1   In Connecticut, “civil preparedness” includes activities designed to minimize the effects upon the civilian population in the event of major disaster or emergency. Such measures include the nonmilitary evacuation of the civilian population, pets and service animals.  
CT - Feral Cats - Municipal Control of Feral Cats   C.G.S.A. § 22-339d   This Connecticut statute permits municipalities to adopt ordinances requiring registration of feral cat "keepers," defined as anyone who harbors or regularly feeds a feral cat.   If a municipality enacts such an ordinance, the ordinance must require the keeper to sterilize the cat and have it vaccinated against rabies.  The statute also enables municipalities to adopt ordinances holding cat owners and keepers responsible if their cats cause significant property damage or severe health violations.  
CT - Lost Property - Lost and Unclaimed Property   CT ST § 50-1 to 14   This statutory section comprises Connecticut's lost property statutes.  
CT - Spay and Neuter - Chapter 436A. Animal Population Control   CT ST §§ 22-380a - 380m   This set of Connecticut laws provides the state's dog and cat sterilization laws. Under the section, no pound is allowed to sell or give away any unspayed or unneutered dog or cat to any person unless such pound receives $45 from the person buying or adopting such dog or cat. These funds are paid quarterly by the municipality into the animal population control account established under section 22-380g. At the time of receipt of such payment, the pound shall provide a voucher, for the purpose of sterilization and vaccination benefits to the person buying or adopting such dog or cat. The chapter also provides the procedure for a veterinarian to participate in the program and the method by which he or she would be paid. Further, the law states that a town clerk may collect an additional $6 for each license issued pursuant to section 22-338 for an unspayed or unneutered dog.  
DE - Fur - An Act to Amend Title 11 of the Delaware Code Relating to the Unlawful Trade of Dog or Cat Byproducts (Senate Bill 374)   Senate Bill 374 (2000)  

This Act prohibits the sale or barter of dog or cat fur or hair, and any products made therefrom, and prohibits the sale or barter of dog or cat flesh, and any products made therefrom for human consumption.

 
DE - Fur - Chapter 5. Specific Offenses   DE ST TI 11 § 1325A   In Delaware, a person is guilty of the unlawful trade in dog or cat by-products in the 2nd degree if the person knowingly or recklessly sells, barters or offers for sale or barter, the fur or hair of a domestic dog or cat or any product made in whole or in part from the fur or hair of a domestic dog or cat. The unlawful trade in dog or cat by-products in the 2nd degree is a class B misdemeanor. A person is guilty of the unlawful trade in dog or cat by-products in the 1st degree if the person knowingly or recklessly sells, barters or offers for sale or barter, the flesh of a domestic dog or cat or any product made in whole or in part from the flesh of a domestic dog or cat. The unlawful trade in dog or cat by-products in the first degree is a class A misdemeanor.  
DE - Pet Sales - CHAPTER 40. PET WARRANTIES   DE ST TI 6 § 4001 - 4011   This Delaware statutory section comprises the state's "pet warranty" laws.  Purchasers receive a statement of the dog's breed and any registration information when buying pets from a retail pet store under the law.  Sellers are required to disclose any known disease or illness at the time of sale.  Further, sellers must provide the following written statement when selling a registered pet:  "A pedigree or a registration does not assure proper breeding condition, health, quality or claims to lineage."  Buyers may receive a refund or replacement, or have veterinary expenses reimbursed by a seller where a dog becomes ill or dies within 20 days of purchase (or within two years for a congenital disorder).  
DE - Rabies - Subchapter I. Rabies Control in Animal and Human Populations   DE ST TI 3 § 8201 - 8213   The purpose of this chapter is to control and suppress the spread of rabies among the domestic and wild animal populations of Delaware. Any person owning a dog 6 months of age or older in this State shall have that dog vaccinated against rabies by a veterinarian. Any person owning a cat 6 months of age or older in this State shall have the cat vaccinated against rabies by a veterinarian. Any person owning a ferret 6 months of age or older in this State shall have the ferret vaccinated against rabies by a veterinarian.  
DE - Spay, Neuter and Feral Cat - Subchapter II. Animal Population Control Program and Spay/Neuter Fund   DE ST TI 3 § 8214 - 8225   This chapter represents Delaware's Animal Population Control Program. The section beings with findings from a 2002 study of how many dogs and cats were reclaimed, adopted out, or euthanized. It also has a definitional section that includes a definition for "feral cat." The chapter also describes its funding base and what parties are qualified to receive assistance under the Spay/Neuter Fund. Effective on June 29, 2006, it became mandatory for all cats and/or dogs of reproductive age to be spayed or neutered and inoculated for rabies prior to adoption from any private animal rescue groups and animal shelters.  
FL - Disaster - 252.3568. Emergency sheltering of persons with pets   FL ST § 252.3568   In Florida, there must be strategies for the evacuation of persons with pets in the state and local comprehensive emergency management plans.  
FL - Fur - Sale of garments or items of clothing containing dog or cat fur prohibited; sale of pelt of any dog or cat prohibited; penalty.   FL ST § 828.1231   Makes it illegal for a person to knowingly sell or offer to sell a garment which contains dog or cat fur, or a dog or cat pelt.  Defines the first violation of this provision as a misdemeanor of the first degree, and any subsequent violations as felonies of the third degree.  Allows any law enforcement agency or humane officer to enforce this provision and to seek a civil penalty up to $5,000 for each violation.  
FL - Sterilization - Chapter 823. Public Nuisances   FL ST § 823.15   This Florida law declares that it is the public policy of the state that every feasible means be used to reduce the incidence of birth of unneeded and unwanted puppies and kittens.  In furtherance of this policy, provision shall be made for the sterilization of all dogs and cats sold or released for adoption from any public or private animal shelter or animal control agency by either providing sterilization by a licensed veterinarian before relinquishing custody of the animal or entering into a written agreement with the adopter or purchaser guaranteeing that sterilization will be performed within 30 days or prior to sexual maturity. All costs of sterilization pursuant to this section shall be paid by the prospective adopter unless otherwise provided for by ordinance of the local governing body or provided for by the humane society governing body.  
HI - Disaster; Accomodations for Pets - Chapter 128. Civil Defense and Emergency Act.   HRS § 128-10.5 (2006)   In Hawaii, the governor shall prescribe rules to establish criteria, requirements, conditions, and limitations for providing accommodations to shelter pet animals. The director of civil defense must identify public and private shelters that are suitable to shelter pets.  
IA - Lost Property - Chapter 556F. Lost Property   IA ST § 556F.1 - 18  

This section comprises Iowa's Lost Property Act.

 
IA - Trusts for Pets - Chapter 633A. Iowa Trust Code.   IA ST § 633A.2101   This Iowa statute allows for the creation of a trust for the continuing care of animal living at the settlor's death (note that the actual text does not state "domestic" or "pet" animal).  This type of trust, allowed generally through the provisions for lawful noncharitable trusts, is valid for up to twenty-one years, whether or not the terms of the trust contemplates a longer duration.  The trust terminates when when no living animal is covered by its terms.  
IL - Disaster - Illinois Emergency Management Agency Act. 3305/4. Definitions.   IL ST CH 20 § 3305/4 (2006)   The Illinois' Illinois Emergency Management Agency Act defines “Emergency Operations Plan” as the written plan of the State and political subdivisions describing the organization, mission, and functions of the government and supporting services for responding to and recovering from disasters and shall include plans that take into account the needs of those individuals with household pets and service animals following a major disaster or emergency.
 
IL - Pet Shops - Chapter 225. Professions and Occupations.   IL ST CH 225 § 605/1 - 22   This section comprises Illinois' Animal Welfare Act.  The Act is primarily aimed at regulating commercial pet dealers, such as kennels, breeders, and retail pet shops.  The provisions include restrictions on the age at which both dogs and cats can be separated from their mothers (8 weeks).  
KS - Pet Sales - Chapter 47. Livestock and Domestic Animals.   KS ST 47-1701 - 1737   The following statutes comprise Kansas' Pet Animal Act. The Act outlines the requirements for pet shop operator licensing and animal dealers.  
KS - Pet Trusts - Chapter 58A. Kansas Uniform Trust Code.   KS ST § 58a-408   This Kansas statute provides that a trust may be created to provide for the care of an animal alive during the settlor's lifetime (note that it does not state "domestic" or "pet" animal).  The trust terminates upon the death of the animal or, if the trust was created to provide for the care of more than one animal alive during the settlor's lifetime, upon the death of the last surviving animal.  Property of a trust authorized by this section may be applied only to its intended use, except to the extent the court determines that the value of the trust property exceeds the amount required for the intended use.  
KY - Disaster - Chapter 39A. Statewide Emergency Management Programs   KY ST § 39A.350 - 366   Good Samaritan Act applies to registered volunteer health practitioners that provide health services for a host entity during an emergency. “Health services” include treatment, care, advice, guidance, and provision of supplies related to the health or death of an animal or to animal populations.  
KY - Dog Laws (also includes cats & ferrets) - Kentucky Consolidated Dog Laws (License, Impound, Bite, etc.)   KY ST § 258.005 - 991; 150.390  

These Kentucky statutes comprise the state's Dog Laws, which were amended significantly in 2005.  Included are all vaccination, licensing, animal control provisions, and the relevant dog bite statutes.  Under Section 258.235, any person may kill or seize any dog which he sees in the act of pursuing or wounding any livestock, or wounding or killing poultry, or attacking human beings, whether or not such dog bears the license tag required by the provisions of this chapter. There shall be no liability on such person in damages or otherwise for killing, injuring from an attempt to kill, or for seizing the dog.  That same section also comprises the state's new strict liability law for dog bites.  Under Sec. 235(4), any owner whose dog is found to have caused damage to a person, livestock, or other property shall be responsible for that damage.

 
LA - Disaster - Chapter 6. The Louisiana Homeland Security and Emergency Assistance and Disaster Act.   La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 29:726, 29:729 (1993)   In Louisiana, the Governor's Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness must assist in the formulation of emergency operation plans for the humane evacuation, transport, and temporary sheltering of service animals and household pets.  
MA - Cat of commonwealth - Chapter 2. Arms, Great Seal and Other Emblems of the Commonwealth.   MA ST 2 § 30  

The Tabby cat shall be the official cat of the Massachusetts commonwealth.

 
MA - Exotic Pets - Chapter 131. Inland Fisheries and Game and Other Natural Resources.   MA ST 131 § 77A   Massachusetts bans hybrid animals, those offspring of mating between a domestic animal and its wild counterpart, usually wolves and dogs. No individual may possess or own a hybrid as a pet. (See also Link to § 23. Propagation, dealing, etc., in fish, birds, mammals, reptiles or amphibians; rules and regulations; licenses; fees ).
 
MA - Lost Property - Chapter 134. Lost Goods and Stray Beasts   MA ST 134 § 1 - 7   This section comprises Massachusetts' Lost Goods and Stray Beasts Act.  
MD - Cat - Title 13. Emblems; Commemorative Days; Manual.   MD STATE GOVT § 13-317  

The calico cat is the Maryland state cat.

 
MD - Pet Injuries, Damages - tle 11. Judgments.   MD CTS & JUD PRO § 11-110   This Maryland statute provides that the measure of damages for tortious injury or death to a pet is the market value of the pet before the injury, or the cost of veterinary care that does not exceed $7,500.  
ME - Cat - Consolidated Cat Laws   ME ST T. 7 § 3916 - 3919C, 4041; ME ST T. 1 § 217   These statutes comprise Maine's cat laws.  Among the provisions include rabies vaccination requirements, stray cat procedures, and the Animal Trespass statutes that specifically excludes cats from its purview.  
ME - Disaster - Chapter 307. State of Maine Animal Response Team.   7 M.R.S.A. § 1901 - 1902   The Commissioner of Agriculture, Food and Rural Resources is directed to develop a State of Maine Animal Response Team to support a network that protects human and animal health through preparation, response and recovery for animal emergencies. The Team is to facilitate a response to a natural or man-made disaster and minimize the economic and environmental impacts of animal emergencies. The Treasurer of State is mandated to establish the State of Maine Animal Response Team Fund to pay costs incurred by the Team.  
ME - Domestic Violence- Title 19-A. Domestic Relations.   ME ST T. 19-A § 4007   This Maine law concerning personal protection orders in cases of abuse was amended in March of 2006 to include companion animals in protection orders.  The new language specifies that a court may enter an order directing the care, custody or control of any animal owned, possessed, leased, kept or held by either party or a minor child residing in the household. In 2013, the statute was amended to allow the court to enter an order directing the defendant to refrain from injuring or threatening to injure any animal owned, possessed, leased, kept or held by either party or a minor child residing in the household.  
ME - Lost Property - Chapter 21. Lost Goods and Stray Beasts.   ME ST T. 33 § 1051 - 1060   This section comprises Maine's Lost Goods and Stray Beasts Act.  
MI - Impound - Chapter 287. Animal Industry. Use of Dogs and Cats for Research.   MCL 287.388   This Michigan statute provides that a dealer, a county, city, village, or township operating a dog pound or animal shelter shall not sell or otherwise dispose of a dog or cat within 4 days after its acquisition. If the dog or cat has a collar, license, or other evidence of ownership, the operator of the pound or shelter shall notify the owner in writing and disposition of the animal shall not be made within 7 days from the date of mailing the notice.  
MI - Lost Property - Chapter 434. Lost and Unclaimed Property. Lost Property.   M. C. L. A. 434.21 - 29   This section comprises Michigan's Lost Property statutes.  
MI - Pet Trusts - Chapter 700. Estates and Protected Individuals Code. Estates and Protected Individuals Code.   M. C. L. A. 700.2722   This Michigan statute provides that a trust for the care of a designated domestic or pet animal is valid (these trusts follow the terms for non-charitable trusts and thus, can be of a duration of up to 21 years). The trust terminates when no living animal is covered by the trust.  Extrinsic evidence is admissible to prove the transferor's intent and the court may reduce the amount of the property transferred if it determines that that amount substantially exceeds the amount required for the intended use.  
MN - Ordinances - Chapter 347. Dogs and Cats. Dogs.   MN ST § 347.21   This Minnesota statute provides that state dog control laws are supplemental to local provisions enacted by ordinance and shall not be construed as to modify, repeal, or prevent municipalities from prohibiting, licensing, or regulating the running at large of dogs.  
MO - Exotic - Chapter 578. Miscellaneous Offenses. Large Carnivores   V.A.M.S. 578.600 - 578.625   The “Large Carnivore Act” pertains to large cats and bears that are nonnative to Missouri and held in captivity. The Act prohibits ownership, possession, breeding, and transportation of large carnivores (with exceptions). The Act creates civil and criminal liability for persons who own or possess a large carnivore. Violations may result in misdemeanor or felony convictions, community service work, the loss of privileges to own or possess any animal, and forfeiture of a large carnivore.  
MO - Lost Dog - Uniform Disposition of Unclaimed Property Act   MO ST 447.010 - 721   This section comprises Missouri's Uniform Disposition of Unclaimed Property Act.  
MO - Pet Shop - Animal Care and Facilities Licensing and Regulation (Chapter 273)   MO ST 273.325 - 359   Under these Missouri statutes, a license is required to operate animal boarding facilities, pet shops, pounds, dealers and commercial breeders. The canine cruelty prevention act makes it the crime of canine cruelty if the person poses a substantial risk to the health and welfare of animals in the person's custody. A violation is a misdemeanor.  
MT - Lost Property - RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF FINDERS GENERALLY   MT ST 70-5-101 to 70-5-107   This section comprises Montana's lost property provisions.  
MT - Trusts - Chapter 2. Upc--Intestacy, Wills, and Donative Transfers.   MT ST 72-2-1017   This Montana statute states that a trust for the care of a designated domestic or pet animal is valid (but for no longer than 21 years, even if the trust provides for a longer term).  The trust terminates when no living animal is covered by the trust.  Extrinsic evidence is admissible in determining the transferor's intent.  Except as expressly provided otherwise in the trust instrument, no portion of the principal or income may be converted to the use of the trustee or to any use other than for the trust's purposes or for the benefit of a covered animal and a court may reduce the amount of the property transferred if it determines that that amount substantially exceeds the amount required for the intended use.  
NC - Licenses - Chapter 130A. Public Health.   NC ST § 130A-192   This North Carolina statute provides that the Animal Control Officer shall canvass the county to determine if there are any dogs or cats not wearing the required rabies vaccination tag.  If the animal is wearing an owner identification tag, or if the Animal Control Officer otherwise knows who the owner is, the Animal Control Officer shall notify the owner in writing to have the animal vaccinated against rabies and to produce the required rabies vaccination certificate within three days.  If the animal is not wearing an owner identification tag and the Animal Control Officer does not otherwise know who the owner is, the Animal Control Officer may impound the animal.  The duration of the impoundment of these animals shall be established by the county board of commissioners, but the duration shall not be less than 72 hours.  During the impoundment period, the Animal Control Officer shall make a reasonable effort to locate the owner of the animal.  
NC - Rabies - Chapter 130A. Public Health.   NC ST § 130A-195   This North Carolina statute provides that when quarantine has been declared and dogs and cats continue to run uncontrolled in the area, any peace officer or Animal Control Officer shall have the right, after reasonable effort has been made to apprehend the animals, to destroy the uncontrolled dogs and cats and properly dispose of their bodies.  
NC - Trusts - Chapter 36C. North Carolina Uniform Trust Code.   NC ST § 36C-4-408   This North Carolina provides that a trust for the care of one or more designated domestic or pet animals alive at the time of creation of the trust is valid.  Further, no portion of the principal or income may be converted to the use of the trustee or to any use other than for the benefit of the designated animal or animals.  The trust terminates upon the death of the animal named or the last surviving animal named in the trust.  
ND - Lost Property - CHAPTER 60-01. DEPOSITS - GENERAL PROVISIONS.   ND ST 60-01-34 to 43   These statutes comprise North Dakota's lost property provisions.  
ND - Rabies - Chapter 23-36. Rabies Control.   ND ST 23-36-03   This North Dakota statute provides that the appropriate health department may promptly seize and humanely kill, impound at the owner's expense, or quarantine any animal if the state health officer has probable cause to believe the animal presents clinical symptoms of rabies or determines the animal is a threat to human life or safety due to the possible exposure of an individual to rabies.  
NE - Impound - CHAPTER 71. PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE   NE ST § 71-4408   This Nebraska statute provides that any dog found outside the owner's premises whose owner does not possess a valid certificate of rabies vaccination and valid rabies vaccination tag for such dog shall be impounded for not less than 72 hours.  If an impounded domestic animal is unclaimed at the end of five days, the authorities may dispose of it in accordance with applicable laws or rules and regulations.  
NE - Licenses - Chapter 54. Livestock. Article 6. Dogs and Cats.   NE ST § 54-603   This Nebraska statute provides that any county, city, or village shall have authority by ordinance or resolution, to impose a license tax on the owner or harborer of any dog or dogs.  
NH - Kennel - CHAPTER 466. DOGS AND CATS.   N.H. Rev. Stat. § 466:6   This New Hampshire statute outlines the provisions of dog group licenses (i.e., kennel licenses).  
NJ - Disaster - Article 6. Emergency Powers of Governor   NJ ST App. A:9-43.1   In New Jersey, the State Office of Emergency Management, and each county and municipality, is directed to adopt a emergency operations plans that include provisions to support the needs of animals and individuals with an animal under their care, including a service animal, in a major disaster or emergency.  
NJ - Pet Sales - Pet Purchase Protection Act   NJ ST 56:8-92 to 56:8-97   This New Jersey Act protects pet purchasers who receive "defective" companion animals.  A purchaser of a defective pet must have his or her pet examined by a veterinarian within 14 days of purchase to receive a refund or exchange.  Alternatively, a buyer may retain the pet and be reimbursed for veterinary bills up to two times the cost of the dog or cat.  
NJ - Pet Trusts - Trusts for care of domesticated animals   NJ ST 3B:11-38   This New Jersey statute provides that a trust for the care of a domesticated animal is valid.  Trusts under this section terminate when no living animal is covered by the trust, or at the end of 21 years, whichever occurs earlier.  
NM - Dangerous Animal - Chapter 77. Animals and Livestock.   NMSA 1978, § 77-1-10   This New Mexico statute provides that it is unlawful for any person to keep any animal known to be vicious and liable to attack or injure human beings unless such animal is securely kept to prevent injury to any person.  It is also unlawful to keep any unvaccinated dog or cat or any animal with any symptom of rabies or to fail or to refuse to destroy vicious animals or unvaccinated dogs or cats with symptoms of rabies.  
NM - Impound - Chapter 77. Animals and Livestock.   NMSA 1978, § 77-1-17   This New Mexico statute provides that the owner or operator of a veterinary clinic or hospital, a doctor of veterinary medicine, a kennel, grooming parlor or other animal care facility is not liable for disposing of abandoned animals after proper notice has been sent to the owner of record.  
NM - Property - Chapter 77. Animals and Livestock.   NMSA 1978, § 77-1-1   Dogs, cats and domestic birds are considered personal property in New Mexico.  
NV - Pet Sales - Title 50. Animals. Chapter 574. Cruelty to Animals: Prevention and Penalties   N. R. S. 574.450 574.510   This Nevada statutory section comprises the state's pet sale laws.  The law protects purchasers of pets by ensuring minimum standards of care at retail pet stores and allows purchasers to return "defective" pets within ten days of purchase.  
NV - Trusts - Chapter 163. Trusts. Creation and Validity of Trusts. 163.0075. Validity of trust providing for care of one or more animals   N. R. S. 163.0075   This Nevada statute allows for a trust created for the care of one or more animals that are alive at the time of the settlor's death (note the statute does not state "domestic" or "pet" animal). Such a trust terminates upon the death of all animals covered by the terms of the trust. It further provides that a settlor's expression of intent must be liberally construed in favor of the creation of such a trust.  
OR - Disaster - Chapter 401. Emergency Services   Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 401.975, § 401.977, § 401.978; § 404.350   In Oregon, the Office of Emergency Management must prepare a written animal emergency operations plan that provides for the evacuation, transport and temporary sheltering of companion and service animals during a major disaster or an emergency. The office shall consider various factors, including allowing owners and their companion animals to be evacuated together, establishing evacuation shelters for animals in close proximity to human shelters, and establishing an identification system so that owners can locate their animals.  
OR - Fur - 167.390. Commerce in fur of domestic cats and dogs   O. R. S. § 167.390   In Oregon, a person may not take, buy, sell, barter or otherwise exchange for commerce in fur purposes the raw fur or products that include the fur of a domestic cat or dog if the fur is obtained through a process that kills or maims the cat or dog. Violation is a Class A misdemeanor when the offense is committed with a culpable mental state as defined in ORS 161.085.  
OR - Pet Dealers - 609.520. Inspection of records; procedure for obtaining animal held by dealer; failure to turn over animal; inspection of facilities   O. R. S. § 609.520   This Oregon statute sets out the right of a person to inspect a pet dealer's business for the purpose of finding a lost companion animal.  The statute also outlines acceptable methods to prove ownership and the procedure for resolving a dispute of ownership.  
PA - Sterilization - § 459-910-A. Construction of article (sterilization of dogs & cats)   3 P.S. § 459-910-A   This Pennsylvania statute relates to statutory mandatory sterilization of impounded dogs and cats.  It provides that a municipal ordinance, which meets or exceeds the state sterilization requirements, shall not be affected by this article.  
PA - Trust - § 7738. Trust for care of animal - UTC 408   20 Pa.C.S.A. § 7738  

In 2006, Pennsylvania became the 32nd state to adopt a pet trust law.  The law provides that a trust may be created to provide for the care of an animal alive during the settlor's lifetime. The trust terminates upon the death of the animal or, if the trust was created to provide for the care of more than one animal alive during the settlor's lifetime, upon the death of the last surviving animal.

 
RI - Cats - Chapter 22. Cat Identification Program and Chapter 24. Permit Program for Cats   Gen.Laws 1956, § 4-22-1 - 10; § 4-24-1 - 13   These Rhode Island section is entitled the "Cat Identification Program."  Under this law, cats are required to display some form of identification (tag, tattoo, etc.) in an effort to reduce the feral/stray cat problem.  The law reduces the retention period for cats impounded without some form of identification.  
SC - Impound - § 47-3-40. Impoundment or quarantine of cat or dog running at large; release to owner.   Code 1976 § 47-3-40   This South Carolina statute provides that the county or municipal animal shelter or animal control officers shall pick up and impound or quarantine any dog running at large. To obtain release of a dog or cat, an owner must prove that the dog or cat is currently inoculated against rabies and also pay an impound or quarantine fee determined by the governing body of the county or municipality.  
TN - Ordinances - § 5-1-120. Dogs and cats; licenses, shelters and other animal control facilities   T. C. A. § 5-1-120  

This Tennessee statute outlines the broad police power counties have with respect to dog and cats.  It provides that counties, by resolution of their respective legislative bodies, may license and regulate dogs and cats, establish and operate shelters and other animal control facilities, and regulate, capture, impound and dispose of stray dogs, stray cats and other stray animals.

 
TN - Rabies - Chapter 8. Rabies   T. C. A. § 68-8-101 - 115   This chapter reflects the Tennessee Anti-Rabies Law. It is unlawful for any person to own, keep or harbor any dog or cat six (6) months of age or older that has not been vaccinated against rabies as required by this chapter. Ferrets, certain livestock, hybrid animals and other animals may be vaccinated for rabies if a vaccine is legally available for that species.  
TX - Breeder - Chapter 802. Dog or Cat Breeders.   V. T. C. A., Occupations Code § 802.001 - 251   Under the Texas Dog or Cat Breeders Act, a person may not act as a dog or cat breeder without a license. Facilities must be inspected at least once every 18-months, and inspectors must notify the law enforcement if they discover evidence of animal cruelty or neglect. This Act also establishes a dog or cat breeder training and enforcement account that can be used for promoting consumer awareness of this chapter, and supporting education, training, and enforcement efforts.  
TX - Counseling - § 54.0407. Cruelty to Animals: Counseling Required.   V. T. C. A., Family Code § 54.0407   For juveniles convicted under the Texas criminal animal cruelty statute (found at Tex. Penal Code § 42.09), psychological counseling is required.  
TX - Impound - § 826.033. Restraint, Impoundment, and Disposition of Dogs and Cats.   V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 826.033   This Texas statute provides that a municipality or county may adopt ordinances or rules to require that each dog or cat be restrained by its owner and that any stray dog or cat be declared a public nuisance.  Further, it can declare that each unrestrained dog or cat be detained or impounded by the local rabies control authority.  Each stray dog or cat be impounded for a period set by ordinance or rule and a humane disposition be made of each unclaimed stray dog or cat upon its expiration.  
TX - Licenses - § 826.031. Registration of Dogs and Cats by Local Governments.   V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 826.031   This Texas statute provides that the governing body of a municipality and the commissioners court of a county may adopt ordinances or rules requiring the registration of each dog and cat within the jurisdiction of the municipality or county.  Fees may be collected pursuant to such ordinances to defray costs.  
TX - Licenses - § 826.032. Registration; Criminal Penalty   V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 826.032   This Texas statute provides that a person commits an offense (Class C misdemeanor) if he or she fails to or refuses to register or present for registration a dog or cat owned by the person as required by state law or local ordinance.  
TX - Ordinances - § 826.034. Restraint; Criminal Penalty.   V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 826.034   This Texas statute provides that a person commits an offense (Class C misdemeanor) if the person fails or refuses to restrain a dog or cat owned by the person and the animal is required to be restrained under the ordinances or rules adopted under this chapter.  
TX - Rabies - § 826.022. Vaccination; Criminal Penalty.   V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 826.022   This Texas statute provides that a person commits an offense (Class C misdemeanor) if the person fails or refuses to have each dog or cat owned by the person vaccinated against rabies and the animal is required to be vaccinated under applicable state law or local ordinance.  
TX - Rabies - § 826.045. Area Rabies Quarantine.   V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 826.045   This Texas statute outlines the parameters under which a rabies quarantine area may be adopted.  If this occurs, it may call for the restraint of carnivorous animals and the transportation of carnivorous animals into and out of the quarantine area.  While the quarantine is in effect, the rules adopted by the board supersede all other applicable ordinances or rules applying to the quarantine area.  
US - Evacuation - Pets Evacuation and Transportation Standards Act of 2006   Public Law 109–308 (2006)   The PETS Act, signed into law on October 6, 2006, requires that in order to qualify for Federal Emergency Management Agency funding, a city or state is required to submit a plan detailing its disaster preparedness program. The PETS Act would simply require that the State and local emergency preparedness authorities include how they will accommodate households with pets or service animals when presenting these plans to the FEMA  
US - Housing - Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973   29 USC 794   In the context of housing discrimination, this statute creates the rule that public housing authorities cannot deny housing to a disabled person solely because of his or her disability, and that if a reasonable accommodation can be made to make housing available to a disabled person, the landlord is required to make the accommodation. To establish a prima facie case of housing discrimination, the tenant must establish four elements: (1) tenant is an individual with a disability; (2) tenant is "otherwise qualified" to receive the benefit; (3) tenant was denied the benefit of the program solely by reason of his or her disability; and (4) the program receives federal financial assistance.  
US - Pets Evacuation and Transportation Standards Act of 2006 - Chapter 68. Disaster Relief   42 U.S.C.A. § 5196 - 5196d   The FEMA Administrator is directed to develop emergency preparedness plans that take into account the needs of individuals with pets and service animals prior to, during, and following a major disaster or emergency. The Administrator must also ensure that state and local emergency preparedness plans take into account the needs of such individuals. The Administrator may make financial contributions to the States and local authorities for animal emergency preparedness purposes to accommodate people with pets and service animals.  
US - Prohibition on importation of dog and cat fur products - Chapter 4. Tariff Act of 1930.   19 U.S.C.A. § 1308  

This federal statute prohibits commerce in dog or cat fur.  Specifically, the statute forbids import into, or export from, the United States of any dog or cat fur product; or the introduction into interstate commerce, manufacture for introduction into interstate commerce, sell, trade, or advertise in interstate commerce, offer to sell, or transport or distribute in interstate commerce in the United States, any dog or cat fur product.  The exception under the act is for the importation, exportation, or transportation, for noncommercial purposes, of a personal pet that is deceased, including a pet preserved through taxidermy.

 
UT - Cats - Chapter 46. Animal Welfare Act. Part 3. Community Cat Act   U.C.A. 1953 § 11-46-301 - 304   A shelter may release a cat prior to the 5-day holding period to a sponsor operating a community cat program. Such a cat is exempt from licensing requirements and feeding bans.  Community cat sponsors or caretakers do not have custody of any cat, and sterilization and vaccination records must be kept for three years.  
UT - Impound - (Repealed) § 77-24-1.5. Safekeeping by officer pending disposition--Records required   U.C.A. 1953 § 77-24-1.5 (§§ 77-24-1 to 77-24-5. Repealed by Laws 2013, c. 394, § 40, eff. July 1, 2013)   §§ 77-24-1 to 77-24-5. Repealed by Laws 2013, c. 394, § 40, eff. July 1, 2013 (Formerly: this Utah statute, amended in 2011, states that each peace officer shall hold all "property" in safe custody until it is received into evidence or disposed of as provided in this chapter. He or she must also maintain a record that identifies it. Note that the provisions related to specifically to animal impoundment/euthanasia were removed.)  
UT - Impound - Chapter 46. Animal Welfare Act. Part 1. General Provisions   U.C.A. 1953 § 11-46-101 - 103   Under this act, animal control officers must hold stray animals in safe and humane custody for a minimum of 5 business days prior to making any final disposition of the animal. A stray animal may be euthanized prior to the completion of the 5-day period to prevent unnecessary suffering due to serious injury or disease.  
UT - Sterilization - Animal Welfare Act. Part 2. Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act   U.C.A. 1953 § 11-46-201 - 208   Under this Utah act, a shelter may not transfer an unsterilized animal for adoption unless the shelter has a written agreement in which the recipient agrees to have the animal sterilized and gives the shelter a sterilization deposit. If a recipient fails to comply with the agreement, the animal may be seized and impounded, and the recipient forfeits the deposit. A first violation may result in a civil penalty of $250.  
UT - Trusts - § 75-2-1001. Honorary trusts--Trusts for pets   U.C.A. 1953 § 75-2-1001   This Utah statute provides that a trust for the care of a designated domestic or pet animal is valid. The trust terminates when no living animal is covered by the trust. Trusts under this section shall be liberally construed to presume against the merely precatory or honorary nature of the disposition, and to carry out the general intent of the transferor.  
VA - Fur - § 3.2-6589. Selling garments containing dog or cat fur prohibited; penalty   Va. Code Ann. § 3.2-6589   This Virginia statute makes it illegal to sell a garment containing the fur of a "domestic" dog or cat.  Violation incurs up to a $10,000 penalty.  
VA - Licenses - § 3.2-6524. Unlicensed dogs prohibited; ordinances for licensing cats   Va. Code Ann. § 3.2-6524  

This Virginia statute provides that it is unlawful for any person to own a dog four months old or older in the state unless such dog is licensed.  With regard to cats, the governing body of any county, city or town may, by local ordinance, prohibit any person from owning a cat four months or older within such locality unless such cat is licensed.

 
VA - Licenses - § 3.2-6527. How to obtain license   Va. Code Ann. § 3.2-6527   This Virginia statute describes the process under which an individual may obtain a dog or cat license.  Generally, it states that any person may obtain a dog license or cat license if required by an ordinance by making oral or written application to the treasurer of the county or city in which such person resides, accompanied by the amount of license tax and current certificate of vaccination as required by this article.  
VA - Licenses - § 3.2-6528. Amount of license tax   Va. Code Ann. § 3.2-6528   This Virginia statute provides that the governing body of each county or city shall impose by ordinance a license tax on the ownership of dogs within its jurisdiction.  With regard to cats, the governing body of any county, city or town which has adopted an ordinance requiring licensing of cats shall impose by ordinance a license tax on the ownership of cats within its jurisdiction.  The tax amount may vary depending on whether the pet is male or female, and neutered or spayed.   
VA - Ordinance - § 3.2-6587. Unlawful acts; penalties   Va. Code Ann. § 3.2-6587   This Virginia statute describes the unlawful acts related to pets that will constitute Class 4 misdemeanors.  Included are furnishing a false license application, failing to pay license tax, violating a leash or rabies ordinance, not disposing of dead companion animals per statute, and improperly concealing a pet.  Also, a Class 1 misdemeanor may be imposed for falsely impersonating a humane officer or for falsifying a claim for animal damage.  
VA - Property - § 3.2-6585. Dogs and cats deemed personal property; rights relating thereto   Va. Code Ann. § 3.2-6585   This Virginia statute provides that all dogs and cats shall be deemed personal property and may be the subject of larceny and malicious or unlawful trespass.  It further grants authority to animal control officers to seize a stolen dog or cat pending court action.  
VA - Rabies - § 3.2-6523. Inoculation for rabies at animal shelters   Va. Code Ann. § 3.2-6523   This Virginia statute provides that animals at a shelter may be inoculated by a licensed veterinary technician who is under the direct supervision of a veterinarian when an emergency rabies ordinance has been issued by a city or county.  
WA - Lost Dog - Chapter 63.21. Lost and Found Property.   West's RCWA 63.21.010 - 900   This statutory section comprises Washington's lost property statues.  
WA - Trusts - Chapter 11.118. Trusts--Animals   West's RCWA 11.118.005 - 110   The purpose of this chapter is to recognize and validate certain trusts that are established for the benefit of animals (nonhuman animal with vertebrae).  The trust can be for one or more animals provided they are individually identified or labeled in the instrument so that they may be easily identified.  Unless otherwise provided in the trust instrument or in this chapter, the trust will terminate when no animal that is designated as a beneficiary of the trust remains living.   
WI - Cats - 59.79. Milwaukee County (cat license ordinance)   W.S.A. 59.79  

[Editor's Note: in 2013, Section 12 concerning cats was repealed. The statute no longer references cats.] This Wisconsin statute provides that the board of commissioners in a county with a population of 500,000 or more may enact an ordinance requiring licenses for cats.

 
WI - Cats - Question 62 - DEFEATED   Wisconsin 2005 Question 62  

This controversial measure would have allowed hunters to hunt any cat that was found free roaming, meaning it did not exhibit a collar or other signs of domestic ownership.  At the Monday, April 11, 2005 meeting of the Wisconsin Conservation Congress, those in favor of the feral cat hunting proposal approved the measure by a vote of 6,830 to 5,201.  This approval was then forwarded to the state Natural Resources Board for consideration.  Proponents of the measure suggest feral cats expose domestic animals to disease and endanger native songbirds.  Opponents of the measure counter that such a law would be cruel and archaic, putting domestic cats who have escaped from their homes at risk of death.  On May 25, 2005 at the Natural Resources Board regular spring meeting, a representative of the Congress indicated that the Executive Committee has declined to pursue the issue any further.  (See the official meeting minutes at page 5 at http://dnr.wi.gov/org/nrboard/minutes/M05/0505%20minutes.pdf).  Feral cat advocates claimed a public relations victory, as the measure gained national and even international criticism.  (See Alley Cat Allies at http://www.alleycat.org/wi.html).  (For more on the procedural history of this measure, see the "Long Summary" under the "Statute Details" above).   

 
WY - Impound - § 33-30-215. Disposition of unclaimed animals in custody of veterinarians; notice to owner; liability of veterinarians; “abandoned animals”   WY ST § 33-30-215   This Wyoming statute states that any animal placed in the custody of a licensed veterinarian for treatment, boarding, or other care, which is then unclaimed by its owner for a period of more than ten days after written notice is given to the owner at his or her last known address, shall be deemed to be abandoned.  It may then be turned over to the nearest humane society or dog pound in the area where it may be disposed of as the shelter sees fit.  

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