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Louisiana

Louisiana Revised Statutes. Title 9. Civil Code Ancillaries. Code Book III--of the Different Modes of Acquiring the Ownership of Things. Code Title V--of Quasi Contracts, and of Offenses and Quasi Offenses. Chapter 2. Of Offenses and Quasi Offenses. 2795.1. Limitation of liability of farm animal activity sponsor or professional; exceptions; required warning. 2795.3. Limitation of liability of equine activity sponsor; exceptions; required warning.

Statute Details
Printable Version
Citation: LA R.S. 9:2795.1 - 9:2795.3

Citation: LSA-R.S. 9:2795.1 - 9:2795.3


Last Checked by Web Center Staff: 01/2014

Summary:   The Louisiana law regarding equine activity liability is divided into two sections; one related to "farm animal activity" and one specific to "equine activity sponsors."  Both statutes have identical terms, save for the animal to which the statute pertains.  Under both, engaging in the farm animal or equine activity does not include being a spectator at a farm animal activity, except in cases where the spectator places himself in an unauthorized area and in immediate proximity to the farm animal or equine activity.  Liability is not limited by this statute where the farm animal or equine professional knowingly provided faulty tack or equipment, failed to make reasonable and prudent efforts to determine the ability of the participant to engage safely in the equine or llama activity, owns or otherwise is in lawful possession of the land or facilities upon which the participant sustained injuries because of a known, dangerous latent condition, or if he or she commits an act or omission that constitutes willful or wanton disregard for the safety of the participant or intentionally injures the participant.  The statute also requires the visible displaying of warning signs that alert participants to the limitation of liability by law and any written contracts must include the statutory language provided.  Failure to comply with the requirements concerning warning notices provided prevents a farm animal activity sponsor or equine sponsor from invoking the privilege of immunity provided by this section.


Statute in Full:

§ 2795.1. Limitation of liability of farm animal activity sponsor or professional; exceptions; required warning

A. As used in this Section, the following terms shall have the following meanings, unless the context requires otherwise:

(1) "Engages in a farm animal activity" means riding, training, providing, or assisting in providing medical treatment of, driving, or being a passenger upon a farm animal, whether mounted or unmounted, or any person assisting a participant or show management. The term "engages in a farm animal activity" does not include being a spectator at a farm animal activity, except in cases where the spectator places himself in an unauthorized area and in immediate proximity to the farm animal activity.

(2) "Farm animal" means one or more of the following animals: horse, pony, mule, donkey, hinny, cow, bull, ox or other bovine, sheep, pig, hog, goat, ratite (ostrich, rhea, emu), and chicken or other fowl.

(3) "Farm animal activity" includes any or all of the following:

(a) A farm animal show, fair, competition, performance, or parade that involves any or all farm animals, including but not limited to any dressage, hunter and jumper horse show, grand prix jumping, three-day event, combined training, rodeo, Courir de Mardi Gras, driving, pulling, cutting, polo, steeplechasing, English and western performance riding, endurance trail riding, and western game and hunting.

(b) Training or teaching activities, or both, involving farm animals.

(c) Boarding a farm animal, including daily care.

(d) Riding, inspecting, or evaluating a farm animal belonging to another, whether or not the owner has received some monetary consideration or other thing of value for the use of the farm animal or is permitting a prospective purchaser of the farm animal to ride, inspect, or evaluate the farm animal.

(e) A ride, trip, hunt, or other farm animal activity of any type, however informal or impromptu, that is sponsored by a farm animal activity sponsor.

(f) Placing or replacing horseshoes or trimming the hooves on a farm animal.

(g) Examining or administering medical treatment to a farm animal by a veterinarian.

(4) "Farm animal activity sponsor" means an individual, group, club, partnership, or corporation, whether or not the sponsor is operating for profit or nonprofit, which sponsors, organizes, or provides the facilities for a farm animal activity, including but not limited to: a pony club; 4-H club; Courir de Mardi Gras association; hunt club; riding club; school and college-sponsored class, program, and activity; therapeutic riding program; bull riding activity; and any operator, instructor, and promoter of a farm animal facility.

(5) "Farm animal facility" means any area used for any farm animal activity, including but not limited to a farm, ranch, riding arena, training stable, barn, pasture, riding trail, show ring, polo field, or other area or facility used or provided by a farm animal activity sponsor or where a participant engages in a farm animal activity.

(6) "Farm animal professional" means a person engaged for compensation in any of the following:

(a) Instructing a participant or renting to a participant a farm animal for the purpose of riding, driving, or being a passenger upon the farm animal.

(b) Renting equipment or tack to a participant in a farm animal activity.

(c) Examining or administering medical treatment to a farm animal as a veterinarian.

(d) Veterinarian or farrier services.

(7) "Inherent risks of farm animal activities" means those dangers or conditions which are an integral part of a farm animal activity, including but not limited to:

(a) The propensity of a farm animal to behave in ways that may result in injury, harm, or death to persons on or around them.

(b) The unpredictability of a farm animal's reaction to such things as sounds, sudden movement, and unfamiliar objects, persons, or other animals.

(c) Certain hazards such as surface and subsurface conditions.

(d) Collisions with other farm animals or objects.

(e) The potential of a participant to act in a negligent manner that may contribute to injury to the participant or others, such as failing to maintain control over the farm animal or not acting within his ability.

(8) "Participant" means any person, whether amateur or professional, who engages in a farm animal activity, whether or not a fee is paid to participate in the farm animal activity.

B. Except as provided in Subsection C of this Section, a farm animal activity sponsor, a farm animal professional, or any other person, which shall include a corporation or partnership, shall not be liable for an injury to or the death of a participant resulting from the inherent risks of a farm animal activity and, except as provided in Subsection C of this Section, no participant or participant's representative shall make any claim against, maintain an action against, or recover from a farm animal activity sponsor, a farm animal professional, or any other person for injury, loss, damage, or death of the participant resulting from any of the inherent risks of farm animal activities.

C. Nothing in Subsection B of this Section shall prevent or limit the liability of a farm animal activity sponsor, a farm animal professional, or any other person if the farm animal activity sponsor, farm animal professional, or person either:

(1) Provided the equipment or tack, and knew or should have known that the equipment or tack was faulty, and such equipment or tack was faulty to the extent that it did cause the injury.

(2) Failed to make reasonable and prudent efforts to determine the ability of the participant to engage safely in the farm animal activity and to safely manage the particular farm animal based on the participant's representations of his ability.

(3) Owns, leases, rents, or otherwise is in lawful possession and control of the land or facility upon which the participant sustained injuries because of a dangerous latent condition which was known or should have been known to the farm animal activity sponsor, farm animal professional, or person and for which warning signs have not been conspicuously posted.

(4) Commits an act or omission that constitutes willful or wanton disregard for the safety of the participant, and that act or omission caused the injury.

(5) Intentionally injures the participant.

D. Nothing in Subsection B of this Section shall prevent or limit the liability of a farm animal activity sponsor or a farm animal professional under liability provisions as set forth in the "Louisiana Products Liability Act", R.S. 9:2800.51 through 2800.59.

E. Every farm animal professional and every farm animal activity sponsor shall post and maintain a sign conspicuously located or provide a written warning which contains the warning notice specified in Subsection F of this Section. The sign shall be placed in a clearly visible location on or near any stable, corral, registration area, staging area, or arena where the farm animal professional or the farm animal activity sponsor conducts a farm animal activity or the written warning shall be given to each participant prior to the commencement of the parade or activities. The warning notice specified in Subsection F of this Section shall appear on the sign in black letters, with each letter to be a minimum of one inch in height or shall appear in the written warning in boldfaced capital letters no smaller than 12-point type. Every written contract entered into by a farm animal professional or by a farm animal activity sponsor for the provision of professional services, instruction, or the rental of equipment or tack or a farm animal to a participant, whether or not the contract involves farm animal activities on or off the location or site of the farm animal professional's or the farm animal activity sponsor's business, shall contain in clearly readable print the warning notice specified in Subsection F of this Section.

F. The signs, written warnings, and contracts described in Subsection E of this Section shall contain the following warning notice: "WARNING Under Louisiana law, a farm animal activity sponsor or farm animal professional is not liable for an injury to or the death of a participant in a farm animal activity resulting from the inherent risks of the farm animal activity, pursuant to R.S. 9:2795.1."

G. Failure to comply with the requirements concerning warning notices provided in this Section shall prevent a farm animal activity sponsor or farm animal professional from invoking the privilege of immunity provided by this Section.

CREDIT(S)

Added by Acts 1992, No. 351, § 1. Amended by Acts 1999, No. 311, § 1; Acts 2001, No. 504, § 1; Acts 2003, No. 898, § 1.

§ 2795.2. Limitation of liability for the Audubon Commission; the city of New Orleans; other entities operating facilities of the Audubon Commission; exceptions; required warning

A. As used in this Section, the following terms shall have the following meanings, unless the context requires otherwise:

(1) "Audubon Commission" means that public body created by Act 191 of 1914, as amended, and as described in the New Orleans Home Rule Charter Section 5-801 et seq.

(2) "Audubon Golf Course" means the golf course located in Audubon Park.

(3) "Audubon Park" means the public park located in the city of New Orleans operated by the Audubon Commission, including, but not limited to, that property located within the Sixth District of the city of New Orleans, which consists of that property, including the former Foucher Plantation as conveyed by act before M.L. Ainsworth, Notary Public, on August 15, 1871, and registered in the Orleans Parish Conveyance Office in COB 100, folio 187 and 181 on August 16, 1871.

(4) "Hurst Walk" shall mean the walk, walkway, path, or area, which has existed through the Audubon Golf Course between the Western Roadway on the West and the lagoon on the East in Audubon Park.

B. Except as hereinafter provided in this Section, and notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, neither the Audubon Commission, the city of New Orleans, nor any other entity which operates any facilities of the Audubon Commission, including, but not limited to, the Audubon Nature Institute, shall be liable for any loss or damage caused by injury to or the death of any person, resulting from the use of the Hurst Walk area except for intentional or grossly negligent acts by an agent or employee of the Audubon Commission, the city of New Orleans, or any other entity which operates any facilities of the Audubon Commission, including but not limited to the Audubon Nature Institute.

C. (1) Nothing in Subsection B of this Section shall prevent or limit the liability of the Audubon Commission, the city of New Orleans, or any other entity operating any facility of the Audubon Commission, including, but not limited to, the Audubon Nature Institute, unless warning signs are posted as provided in this Subsection. The warning signs provided pursuant to this Subsection shall contain the following warning notice: "You are entering an area which is within the Audubon Golf Course. This area may be dangerous and you risk being struck by golf balls or golf carts. The Audubon Commission, the city of New Orleans, or any other entity which operates any facilities of the Audubon Commission, including but not limited to the Audubon Nature Institute, shall not be liable for your injury or death resulting from your use of this area. Proceed at your own risk." The letters of the sign shall be at least four inches high.

(2) This sign shall be conspicuously located and clearly visible at either end of the Hurst Walk.

D. The limited liability provided under the provisions of this Act shall be applicable to the Audubon Commission and others governed by this legislation, including, but not limited to, all employees and agents of the Audubon Commission, the city of New Orleans, and the Audubon Nature Institute.

CREDIT(S)

Added by Acts 2002, 1st Ex.Sess., No. 48, § 1.
 

§ 2795.3. Limitation of liability of equine activity sponsor; exceptions; required warning. 

A. As used in this Section, the following terms shall have the following meanings, unless the context requires otherwise:

(1) "Engages in an equine activity" means riding, training, racing, driving, providing farrier services, providing or assisting in providing medical treatment of, or being a passenger upon an equine, whether mounted or unmounted, or any person assisting a participant or show management. The term "engages in an equine activity" does not include being a spectator at an equine activity, except in cases where the spectator places himself in an unauthorized area and in immediate proximity to the equine activity.

(2) "Equine" means a horse, pony, mule, donkey, or hinny.

(3) "Equine activity" includes any or all of the following:

(a) An equine show, auction, fair, race, competition, performance, parade, or carriage ride that involves any or all breeds of equine and any of the equine disciplines, including but not limited to any dressage, hunter and jumper horse show, grand prix jumping, three-day event, combined training, rodeo, driving, pulling, cutting, polo, steeplechasing, English and western performance riding, endurance trail riding and western game, racing, and hunting.

(b) Equine training or teaching activities, or both.

(c) Boarding equine.

(d) Riding, inspecting, or evaluating an equine belonging to another, whether or not the owner has received some monetary consideration or other thing of value for the use of the equine or is permitting a prospective purchaser of the equine to ride, inspect, or evaluate the equine.

(e) A ride, trip, hunt, or other equine activity of any type however informal or impromptu that are sponsored by an equine activity sponsor.

(f) Providing veterinarian or farrier services.

(4) "Equine activity sponsor" means an individual, group, club, partnership, corporation, or other entity, whether or not the sponsor is operating for profit or nonprofit, which sponsors, organizes, or provides the facilities for an equine activity, including but not limited to a pony club; 4-H club; hunt club; riding club; licensed racetrack; licensed training centers; school and college sponsored class, program, and activity; therapeutic riding program; and any operator, instructor, and promoter of an equine facility, including but not limited to a stable, clubhouse, ponyride string, fair, farm, ranch, and arena at which the activity is held.

(5) "Equine professional" means a person engaged for compensation in any of the following:

(a) Instructing a participant or renting to a participant an equine for the purpose of riding, driving, or being a passenger upon the equine.

(b) Renting equipment or tack to a participant.

(c) Providing veterinarian or farrier services.

(6) "Inherent risks of equine activities" means those dangers or conditions which are an integral part of equine activities, including but not limited to:

(a) The propensity of an equine to behave in ways that may result in injury, harm, or death to persons on or around them.

(b) The unpredictability of an equine's reaction to such things as sounds, sudden movement, and unfamiliar objects, persons, or other animals.

(c) Certain hazards such as surface and subsurface conditions.

(d) Collisions with other equine or objects.

(e) The potential of a participant to act in a negligent manner that may contribute to injury to the participant or others, such as failing to maintain control over the animal or not acting within his ability.

(7) "Participant" means any person, whether amateur or professional, who engages in an equine activity, whether or not a fee is paid to participate in the equine activity, and any equine stabled, training, or running on the racetrack or at a licensed training center and any jockey, exercise person, trainer, owner or employee, agent, or independent contractor of each.

B. Except as provided in Subsection C of this Section, an equine activity sponsor, an equine professional, or any other person, which shall include a corporation or partnership, shall not be liable for an injury to or the death of a participant resulting from the inherent risks of equine activities and, except as provided in Subsection C of this Section, no participant or participant's representative shall make any claim against, maintain an action against, or recover from an equine activity sponsor, an equine professional, or any other person for injury, loss, damage, or death of the participant resulting from any of the inherent risks of equine activities.

C. Nothing in Subsection B of this Section shall prevent or limit the liability of an equine activity sponsor, an equine professional, or any other person if the equine activity sponsor, equine professional, or person either:

(1) Provided the equipment or tack, and knew or should have known that the equipment or tack was faulty, and such equipment or tack was faulty to the extent that it did cause the injury.

(2) Failed to make reasonable and prudent efforts to determine the ability of the participant to engage safely in the equine activity and to safely manage the particular equine based on the participant's representations of his ability.

(3) Owned, leased, rented, or otherwise was in lawful possession and control of the land or facility upon which the participant sustained injuries because of a dangerous latent condition which was known or should have been known to the equine activity sponsor, equine professional, or person and for which warning signs have not been conspicuously posted.

(4) Committed an act or omission that constitutes willful or wanton disregard for the safety of the participant, and that act or omission caused the injury.

(5) Intentionally injured the participant.

D. Nothing in Subsection B of this Section shall prevent or limit the liability of an equine activity sponsor or an equine professional under liability provisions as set forth in the Louisiana Products Liability Act, R.S. 9:2800.51 through 2800.59.

E. Every equine professional and every equine activity sponsor shall post and maintain signs which contain the warning notice specified in Subsection F of this Section. Such signs shall be placed in a clearly visible location on or near any stable, corral, or arena where the equine professional or the equine activity sponsor conducts equine activities. The warning notice specified in Subsection F of this Section shall appear on each sign in black letters, with each letter to be a minimum of one inch in height. Every written contract entered into by an equine professional or by an equine activity sponsor for the providing of professional services, instruction, or the rental of equipment or tack or an equine to a participant, whether or not the contract involves equine activities on or off the location or site of the equine professional's or the equine activity sponsor's business, shall contain in clearly readable print the warning notice specified in Subsection F of this Section.

F. The signs and contracts described in Subsection E of this Section shall contain the following warning notice:

WARNING

Under Louisiana law, an equine activity sponsor or equine professional is not liable for an injury to or the death of a participant in equine activities resulting from the inherent risks of equine activities, pursuant to R.S. 9:2795.3.

G. Failure to comply with the requirements concerning warning notices provided in this Section shall prevent an equine activity sponsor or equine professional from invoking the privilege of immunity provided by this Section.

CREDIT(S)

Added by Acts 2003, No. 898, § 1. Amended by Acts 2006, No. 136, § 1.

 



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