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Nevada

West's Nevada Revised Statutes Annotated. Title 50. Animals. Chapter 574. Cruelty to Animals: Prevention and Penalties

Statute Details
Printable Version
Citation: N. R. S. 574.450 574.510

Citation: NV ST 574.450- 574.510


Last Checked by Web Center Staff: 01/2014

Summary:   This Nevada statutory section comprises the state's pet sale laws.  The law protects purchasers of pets by ensuring minimum standards of care at retail pet stores and allows purchasers to return "defective" pets within ten days of purchase.


Statute in Full:

574.450. Examination by veterinarian; sale of cat or dog that requires immediate treatment prohibited; conditions under which presence of parasites requires treatment

574.460. Provision of written statement to purchaser of cat: Required disclosures; signature of seller and purchaser

574.470. Provision of written statement to purchaser of dog: Required disclosures; signature of seller and purchaser

574.480. Posting of notice concerning dog or cat offered for sale

574.485. Imposition of administrative fines for violation of NRS 574.460, 574.470 or 574.480; deposit in State General Fund

574.490. Duties upon determination that pet was sold with condition that requires immediate treatment

574.500. Separating dog or cat from mother

574.510. Knowingly selling dog or cat with condition requiring immediate treatment prohibited; penalties

 

 

574.450. Examination by veterinarian; sale of cat or dog that requires immediate treatment prohibited; conditions under which presence of parasites requires treatment

1. A retailer or dealer shall, after the acquisition of a cat or dog for resale, cause the cat or dog to be examined by a veterinarian. The retailer or dealer shall not sell the cat or dog before it is initially examined by a veterinarian.

2. A retailer or dealer shall cause a cat or dog acquired for resale to be re-examined by a veterinarian:

(a) Fourteen days after the date of its initial examination; and

(b) Every 30 days thereafter until sold.

3. If a veterinarian conducting an examination pursuant to this section finds that the cat or dog has no illness, disease or other condition that is terminal or requires immediate hospitalization or immediate surgical intervention, he shall provide a written statement setting forth his findings to the retailer or dealer.

4. A retailer or dealer shall not knowingly sell a cat or dog if it has an illness, disease or other condition that is terminal or requires immediate hospitalization or immediate surgical intervention.

5. For the purposes of this section, the presence of internal or external parasites does not constitute an illness, disease or other condition that is terminal or requires immediate hospitalization or immediate surgical intervention unless the cat or dog is clinically ill as a result of the parasite.

Added by Laws 1993, p. 2149. Amended by Laws 1997, p. 2772.

 

574.460. Provision of written statement to purchaser of cat: Required disclosures; signature of seller and purchaser

1. A retailer or dealer shall, before selling a cat, provide the purchaser of the cat with a written statement that discloses:

(a) The name, address and telephone number of the retailer or dealer.

(b) The date the cat was born, if known.

(c) The name and address of the person from whom the retailer or dealer obtained the cat and, if the person holds a license issued by the United States Department of Agriculture, the person's federal identification number.

(d) The name and address of the breeder of the cat and, if the breeder holds a license issued by the United States Department of Agriculture, the breeder's federal identification number.

(e) The registration numbers, if any, of the cat's sire and dam with the appropriate breed registry or any health certifications from a health certification organization such as the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals or its successor organization, if any.

(f) A record of any immunizations administered to the cat before the time of sale, including the type of vaccine, date of administration and name and address of the veterinarian who prescribed the vaccine.

(g) Any sterilization requirements for the cat required by local ordinance.

(h) The medical history of the cat, including, without limitation:

(1) The date that a veterinarian examined and, if applicable, reexamined the cat pursuant to subsections 1 and 2 of NRS 574.450 and determined that the cat did not have any illness, disease or other condition that is terminal or requires immediate hospitalization or immediate surgical intervention. For the purposes of this subparagraph, the presence of internal or external parasites does not constitute an illness, disease or other condition that is terminal or requires immediate hospitalization or immediate surgical intervention, unless the cat is clinically ill as a result of the parasite.

(2) Whether any treatment or medication has been administered by the veterinarian who examined or, if applicable, reexamined the cat pursuant to subsections 1 and 2 of NRS 574.450 and if such treatment or medication was administered, a statement indicating on what date it was administered and for what illness, disease or condition.

(3) The date on which the veterinarian sterilized the cat, if applicable.

(4) The name and address of the veterinarian who performed the examinations, reexaminations or sterilization or administered any treatments or medications.

(i) That a copy of the veterinarian's evaluation of the health of the cat made pursuant to NRS 574.450 is available to the purchaser.

2. The written statement must be signed and dated by the retailer or dealer and contain a space for the purchaser to sign and date the statement as an attestation that the purchaser has read and understands the disclosures contained in the statement.

CREDIT(S)

Added by Laws 1993, p. 2150. Amended by Laws 1997, p. 2773; Laws 2009, c. 378, § 2

.

 

574.470. Provision of written statement to purchaser of dog: Required disclosures; signature of seller and purchaser

1. A retailer or dealer shall, before selling a dog, provide the purchaser of the dog with a written statement that discloses:

(a) The name, address and telephone number of the retailer or dealer.

(b) The date the dog was born, if known.

(c) The name and address of the person from whom the retailer or dealer obtained the dog and, if the person holds a license issued by the United States Department of Agriculture, the person's federal identification number.

(d) The name and address of the breeder of the dog and, if the breeder holds a license issued by the United States Department of Agriculture, the breeder's federal identification number.

(e) The registration numbers, if any, of the dog's sire and dam with the appropriate breed registry or any health certificates from a health certification organization such as the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals or its successor organization, if any.

(f) A record of any immunizations administered to the dog before the time of sale, including the type of vaccine, date of administration and name and address of the veterinarian who prescribed the vaccine.

(g) Any sterilization requirements for the dog required by local ordinance.

(h) The medical history of the dog, including, without limitation:

(1) The date that a veterinarian examined and, if applicable, reexamined the dog pursuant to subsections 1 and 2 of NRS 574.450 and determined that the dog did not have any illness, disease or other condition that is terminal or requires immediate hospitalization or immediate surgical intervention. For the purposes of this subparagraph, the presence of internal or external parasites does not constitute an illness, disease or other condition that is terminal or requires immediate hospitalization or immediate surgical intervention, unless the dog is clinically ill as a result of the parasite.

(2) Whether any treatment or medication has been administered by the veterinarian who examined or, if applicable, reexamined the dog pursuant to subsections 1 and 2 of NRS 574.450 and, if such treatment or medication was administered, a statement indicating on what date it was administered and for what illness, disease or condition.

(3) The date on which the veterinarian sterilized the dog, if applicable.

(4) The name and address of the veterinarian who performed the examinations, reexaminations or sterilization or administered any treatments or medications.

(i) That a copy of the veterinarian's evaluation of the health of the dog performed pursuant to NRS 574.450 is available to the purchaser.

2. The written statement must be signed and dated by the retailer or dealer and contain a space for the purchaser to sign and date the statement as an attestation that the purchaser has read and understands the disclosures contained in the statement.

CREDIT(S)

Added by Laws 1993, p. 2150. Amended by Laws 1997, p. 2774; Laws 2009, c. 378, § 3.

 

574.480. Posting of notice concerning dog or cat offered for sale

A retailer or dealer shall conspicuously post within close proximity to the primary enclosure of a dog or cat offered for sale the following notice printed in at least 48-point type upon paper that is at least 11 inches wide and 17 inches long:

NEVADA LAW REQUIRES THAT INFORMATION CONCERNING THE DATE OF BIRTH, SOURCE, LINEAGE AND MEDICAL HISTORY OF THESE DOGS (OR CATS) BE PROVIDED TO THE PURCHASER BEFORE THE COMPLETION OF ANY SALE.

Added by Laws 1993, p. 2151. Amended by Laws 1997, p. 2775.

 

574.485. Imposition of administrative fines for violation of NRS 574.460, 574.470 or 574.480; deposit in state general fund

1. In addition to any other penalty provided by law, the director of the state department of agriculture may impose an administrative fine on any retailer or dealer who violates the provisions of NRS 574.460, 574.470 or 574.480 in an amount not to exceed:

       For the first violation .......................................... $250

       For the second violation .......................................... 500

       For each subsequent violation ................................... 1,000

2. All fines collected by the director pursuant to subsection 1 must be deposited with the state treasurer for credit to the state general fund.

Added by Laws 1997, p. 2772. Amended by Laws 1999, p. 3699.

 

574.490. Duties upon determination that pet was sold with condition that requires immediate treatment

If a person purchases a pet from a retailer or dealer and, within 10 days after the sale, a veterinarian determines that the pet has an illness, disease or other condition that is terminal or requires immediate hospitalization or immediate surgical intervention and that was in existence on the date of the sale, the retailer or dealer shall, at the option of the purchaser, either:

1. Refund the purchase price of the pet if the pet is returned or provide the purchaser with another pet of equal value; or

2. Reimburse the purchaser, in an amount not to exceed the purchase price of the pet, for expenses incurred by the purchaser in obtaining a diagnosis and treatment for the pet from a veterinarian chosen by the retailer or dealer.

Added by Laws 1993, p. 2151.

 

574.500. Separating dog or cat from mother

1. A retailer, dealer or operator shall not separate a dog or cat from its mother until it is 8 weeks of age or accustomed to taking food or nourishment other than by nursing, whichever is later.
 
2. A person who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.
 
Credits
Added by Laws 1993, p. 2151. Amended by Laws 2009, c. 378, § 4; Laws 2011, c. 284, § 6.
 

574.510. Knowingly selling dog or cat with condition requiring immediate treatment prohibited; penalties

1. A retailer or dealer who sells a dog or cat that he knows has any illness, disease or other condition that is terminal or requires immediate hospitalization or immediate surgical intervention and fails to disclose such information at the time of sale is guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition to any other penalty that may be imposed, the court may prohibit a person convicted of a violation of this section from selling any dogs or cats for not more than 1 year.

2. For the purposes of this section, the presence of internal or external parasites does not constitute an illness, disease or other condition that is terminal or requires immediate hospitalization or immediate surgical intervention unless the dog or cat is clinically ill as a result of the parasite.

Added by Laws 1993, p. 2151.

 



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