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Table of Reporting Animal Cruelty in the United States



Charlotte Walden


Animal Legal and Historical Center
Publish Date:
2013
Place of Publication: Michigan State University College of Law

Printable Version

1. What is animal cruelty?

2. Where do I report animal cruelty?

3. What if I can’t find my city, village, of county on the table?

4. Where do I report animal cruelty found in pet stores, kennels, boarding facilities, pounds, and commercial breeders?

5. Where do I report a federal Animal Welfare Act violation?

6. Where do I report cruelty to livestock?

7. What about websites that depict animal cruelty?

8. What information should I have on hand when I make a report of animal cruelty?

9. How does this table work?

 

1. What is animal cruelty?

All states make animal cruelty a crime. Yet, what might be cruel to you may be lawful within a state, as some people have different opinions on how animals should be treated that differ from statutory provisions. To find out how your state defines animal cruelty, click on your state in the Animal Legal and Historical Center’s animal cruelty map.  Additionally, many municipalities and counties have animal cruelty provisions in their ordinances, so you may also want to search your local laws to find out what constitutes animal cruelty in your municipality or county.

Felony vs. misdemeanor offenses

Generally, a statute will define an act of animal cruelty as either a misdemeanor or a felony, but some states, specifically North Dakota and South Dakota, do not have felony animal cruelty provisions. Please note, however, that on April 29, 2013, North Dakota Governor Jack Dalrymple signed a bill that makes animal cruelty a Class C felony. Within states that have felony and misdemeanor animal cruelty provisions, the difference between a felony and a misdemeanor animal cruelty charge does not rely on a single factor; instead, the difference usually depends on many factors. The following provides some examples of how states determine an act of animal cruelty to be either a misdemeanor or a felony.

Severity of the offense

One difference between a felony and a misdemeanor depends on the severity of the act (in law, the prohibited act is known as the actus reas) that a person does to an animal. For example, in New York, a person commits a felony if he or she intentionally kills or intentionally causes serious injury to a companion animal with conduct that is either intended to cause extreme physical pain or that is done in a depraved or sadistic manner (see NY AGRI & MKTS § 353-a). A misdemeanor, on the other hand, occurs when a person “overdrives, overloads, tortures or cruelly beats or unjustifiably injures, maims, mutilates or kills any animal, whether wild or tame, and whether belonging to himself or to another” (see NY AGRI & MKTS § 353).

Mental state of the abuser

In combination with the severity of the prohibited act, the mental state of the person (in law, known as the mens rea) also determines whether or not an act is a felony or a misdemeanor. In criminal statutes, such as animal cruelty statutes, words like intentionally, knowingly, recklessly, willfully and maliciously, etc. signifies the mens rea.  Also note that the same mental state may be present in both a misdemeanor and a felony prohibited act. For instance, in West Virginia (see WV ST § 61-8-19(a)(1)(C)(i)), a person who intentionally withholds proper food and water to an animal may be guilty of a misdemeanor, while a person who intentionally mutilates an animal (see WV ST § 61-8-19(b)) may be guilty of a felony. 

Type of animal abused

Aside from severity of the act and the person’s mental state, the difference between a misdemeanor and a felony may also depend on the type of animal involved in the cruelty charge. For instance, in Pennsylvania, felony provisions are geared towards zoo animals (PA ST 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 5511 (a)(2)(i-ii)), while misdemeanor provisions are geared towards domestic animals belonging to a person other than the one committing the crime or a cat or dog belonging to the person committing the crime (see PA ST 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 5511(a)(1)(i-ii) and PA ST 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 5511(a)(2.1)(i)(A-B)). The New York statute, mentioned previously, also provides an example of how an act might either be a felony or a misdemeanor depending on whether or not the animal is a companion animal (see NY AGRI & MKTS § 353-a  for felony provisions against a companion animal and NY AGRI & MKTS § 353 for misdemeanor provisions against any animal).

Ownership of the animal and repeat offenders

Also note that the grade of a misdemeanor (i.e., a first degree misdemeanor, a second degree misdemeanor, a third degree misdemeanor, etc.) may change depending on the ownership of the animal or the type of animal.  Additionally, whether or not a person repeatedly violates certain provisions of a cruelty statute may also if the crime will be a felony or a misdemeanor (see OH ST § 959.99(E)(1)  or NE ST § 28-1009 (2)(a) for examples). Again, the above factors are examples of the difference between a misdemeanor and a felony in animal cruelty statutes and may or may not be present in all statutes. Yet, all criminal statutes, like animal cruelty statutes, will contain an actus reas and a mens rea.

Possible signs of animal cruelty

While reading through a state’s law to find out what constitutes animal abuse may be cumbersome, there are some tell-tale signs that may put you on alert. For instance, signs of multiple healed wounds or an untreated injury or medical condition may be a sign, as well as witnessing an owner physically abusing an animal. An animal that is extremely emaciated may also be a sign of animal abuse.

Once someone witnesses animal cruelty, however, often times he or she may be unsure of where to report it. This table and FAQ are here to help guide you on how to report animal cruelty.

 

2. Where do I report animal cruelty?

Once animal cruelty is suspected, there may be concerns of where to report it. Where you report it may depend on several factors, such as whether or not the animal is considered a livestock animal, if the abuse occurred at a neighbor's house or a pet store, or if there is a dog fight currently in progress. The following explains where to report cruelty in general; where to report cruelty happening in pet stores, kennels, and breeding facilities; and where to report cruelty towards livestock and farm animals.

Reporting to law enforcement

Since all state statutes make animal cruelty a crime, the best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911.

Reporting to a SPCA or humane society

While your local law enforcement is the easiest answer to this question, some states—though not all—authorize humane societies or societies for the prevention of animal cruelty (SPCA) to investigate animal cruelty complaints (see the Humane Society Enforcement Table for states that allow humane societies to investigate animal cruelty). Additionally, some municipalities and counties –but not all— also authorize their animal control officers to investigate animal abuse.  Reporting to a humane society, a SPCA or animal control can therefore get confusing because not all humane societies, SPCAs, and animal control officers within a single state are authorized to investigate animal cruelty complaints. Additionally, some states limit what types of animal cruelty complaints a humane society, SPCA, or animal control unit can investigate. For instance, in Florida, animal control officers are only allowed to investigate civil infractions, not felonies or misdemeanors, related to animal cruelty (see F.S.A. § 828.27(1)(b)); a SPCA, on the other hand, can investigate all animal cruelty violations (see F.S.A. § 828.03(1)). However, in hopes of clarifying the confusion, some states—specifically, Iowa, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Utah—offer a statewide animal cruelty hotline that you can call in order to report animal abuse.

Yet, some humane societies, SCPAs, and animal control agencies that are not authorized to investigate animal cruelty complaints may take your complaint to the proper authorities for you. Also, upon contacting a humane society, SPCA, or animal control agency, these organizations may alert you of the proper place to report animal cruelty.

Reporting using the Animal Legal Defense mobile phone application

For mobile device users, the Animal Legal Defense Fund (ALDF) has created a free smartphone and Android app—called the ALDF Crime Tips—that allows you to send audio, video, picture, and GPS information regarding animal cruelty to the nearest authorities. Go to this page to learn more: http://aldf.org/article.php?id=2326

Citizen complaints and civil injunctions

A state may also allow citizens to initiate an action in court against someone who commits animal cruelty. For instance, Minnesota allows a citizen to apply directly to a court in a competent jurisdiction in order to issue a warrant and start an investigation into a suspected case of animal cruelty (see M.S.A. § 343.22). First, however, a citizen in Minnesota must establish, through affidavits, grounds for belief or probable cause that a violation of Minnesota's cruelty statutes has occurred before a judge in a competent jurisdiction will issue a warrant and order a police investigation. Likewise, North Carolina allows a person who observes animal cruelty to file a complaint in a district court where an act of animal cruelty is believed to have occurred (see NC ST § 19A-1 to 19A-4). The North Carolina statute permits the judge to determine the merits of an action by trial without a jury; the statute also gives the judge discretion to issue a preliminary injunction, a permanent injunction, or to dismiss the case all together.

 

3. What if I can’t find my city, village, of county on the table?

While the table below provides you with many places to report animal cruelty, please note that it is not a complete list. If you do not find your county, municipality or region on the table, you can conduct a search using your favorite search engine to contact local authorities. For instance, a simple search of your city and your state followed by the words “report animal cruelty” or “report animal abuse” or “police department” should provide you with the information you are seeking. If one search engine does not provide you with the information that you are seeking, try searching on another. For instance, if you search on Yahoo and are not happy with the results, try Google or Bing. Since different search engines index different websites on the Internet and use different formulas to structure results, you may find more resources using multiple search engines rather than just relying on a single one.

 

4. Where do I report animal cruelty found in pet stores, kennels, boarding facilities, pounds, and commercial breeders?

No U.S. state exempts pet stores, kennels, boarding facilities, pound or commercial breeders from their statutes. In fact, Virginia’s cruelty statute specifically states that the animal welfare provisions apply to every pound, animal shelter, or other releasing agency, and every foster care provider, dealer, pet shop, exhibitor, kennel, groomer, and boarding establishment (see VA ST § 3.2-6503(A)). So, you can report cruelty observed in these facilities to the local authorities and, in some cases, the proper SPCA, animal control or humane society.  

Additionally, a few states require pet stores, kennels, boarding facilities and breeders to obtain a license before they begin operations. In order to obtain a license for operations, a state will often require a specific government department to inspect the premises of the pet stores, kennel, boarding and breeding facilities These inspections usually require that animals are provided with proper care, food, water, sanitation, and shelter before a license is issued. If pet shops, kennels, boarding or breeding facilities violate these provisions, they may have their license suspended and may also face fines (see CT ST § 22-344 and  RI ST § 4-19-5 to 9 for examples of statutory provisions that require a pet store, kennel, boarding facility or breeder to meet certain animal care standards in order to obtain and maintain a license). Thus, in addition to reporting animal cruelty to local authorities, in some instances, you may report animal abuse in a pet store, kennel, boarding facility or breeding facility to a state agency.  Please note, however, some licensing inspections may only cover the care of cat and dogs (or just dogs).

Aside from state licensing requirements, many municipalities also have ordinances regarding the licensing of pet shops and kennels. So, you may want to look up your local government's code for more guidance on where to report suspected animal cruelty in a pet shop, kennel, or breeding facility as well. Unfortunately, the Animal Legal and Historical Center website does not contain every ordinance in existence in the United States. So, if you do not find your municipality's ordinance on this website, you may wish to pull up your local government's website or search the Municode or American Legal websites for your specific municipality's ordinance.

Certain large-scale dog and cat breeders who supply animals on the wholesale level to pet stores, research facilities, or brokers are also regulated at the federal level. The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) requires certain breeders to become licensed and meet minimum standards of care. The USDA's Animal Plant and Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is the agency responsible for licensing and inspection. This does NOT include those retailers or breeders who sell animals directly to the public. You can go APHIS to learn more about reporting AWA violations.

 

5. Where do I report federal Animal Welfare Act violations?

The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) is a federal law that covers animals used in research, exhibition, transportation, and animals sold by dealers. The act establishes minimum standards of care for animals covered under the act. It also requires these animal dealers or exhibitors to be licensed and submit to periodic inspections by the USDA's Animal Plant and Health Inspection Services (APHIS). Some examples of animal owners that would fall under the AWA include large scale commercial dog breeders that sell to pet stores or other dog brokers, owners of traveling exotic animal exhibitions, and university animal research facilities. These businesses may hold a Class "A," "B," or "C" license from the USDA. In order for a violation to be reported to APHIS, the individual must be licensed by the agency. You can search inspection records for licenses at the USDA-APHIS Database. Keep in mind that APHIS can only consider complaints for those individuals licensed under the federal AWA; all other cruelty violations should be reported to local law enforcement.

When reporting an AWA violation, know that only certain animals are covered. These animals include any live or dead dog, cat, nonhuman primate, guinea pig, hamster, rabbit, or any other warm blooded animal. The use of the phrase “any other warm blooded animal” excludes cold blooded animals, like fish and reptiles, from coverage. The act also explicitly excludes rats and mice for use in research; horses not used for research purposes; and other farm animals used or intended for use as food or fiber. 7 USC § 2132(g). For further information on the Animal Welfare Act, its related regulations, and case law, please check out the Animal Legal and Historical Center’s overview of the act.

If, after reading the standards of care, you believe you have knowledge of an AWA violation, you can report it anonymously to APHIS using this online form. APHIS indicates that it evaluates all complaints "seriously" and will look into each complaint "thoroughly."

 

6. Where do I report cruelty to livestock?

While you can utilize some of the same resources to report animal cruelty as mentioned in "Where Do I Report Animal Cruelty" column in the table below, you may also be able to report livestock cruelty to a government agency or another specified institution.  In Tennessee, for instance, SPCAs are authorized to investigate animal cruelty complaints for non-livestock animals (see T.C.A. §  39-14-210(a)), but section 39-14-211 of West’s Tennessee Code Annotated authorizes a county’s agricultural extension agent, a graduate of an accredited college of veterinary medicine specializing in livestock practice or a graduate from an accredited college of agriculture with a specialty in livestock to investigate livestock cruelty.

Additionally, many states may exempt commonly accepted livestock and animal husbandry practices from their animal cruelty statutes. This does not mean you should not report cases of suspected livestock animal abuse; it does mean, however, that certain practices such as humane slaughter or branding may fall within the commonly accepted livestock and animal husbandry practices exemptions.

Furthermore, while a state may exempt certain practices from its cruelty statute, it may also have specific provisions for livestock that differ from the provisions of the general animal cruelty statutes. For instance, while Wyoming exempts use of industry accepted agricultural and livestock practices on livestock (see WY ST § 6-3-203(m)(ii)), Wyoming has a specific livestock cruelty statute that prohibits a person from failing to provide supply sufficient wholesome food and water to a livestock animal during confinement (see WY ST § 11-29-103(a)). The Wyoming statute also grants authority to a government agency, the Wyoming  Livestock Board (see WY ST § 11-29-109), to take charge of a livestock animal found abandoned, neglected or cruelly treated as defined in Wyoming’s general cruelty statute (see WY ST § 6-3-203). Additionally, Texas has separate provisions for cruelty to livestock animals and cruelty to non-livestock animals within its cruelty statutes. For instance, in Texas, while livestock that are treated in accordance with accepted and lawful animal husbandry or agricultural practices are exempted from the cruelty provisions (see TX PENAL § 42.09(f)(2)),  a person who “intentionally or knowingly tortures a livestock animal; fails unreasonably to provide necessary food, water, or care for a livestock animal in the person's custody; abandons unreasonably a livestock animal in the person's custody; transports or confines a livestock animal in a cruel and unusual manner; administers poison to a livestock animal, other than cattle, horses, sheep, swine, or goats, belonging to another without legal authority or the owner's effective consent; causes one livestock animal to fight with another livestock animal or with an animal as defined by Section 42.092; uses a live livestock animal as a lure in dog race training or in dog coursing on a racetrack;  trips a horse; or seriously overworks a livestock animal” is not (see TX PENAL § 42.09(a)(1-9)). Please note, however, that in Texas, unlike Wyoming, there is no special government agency to report livestock abuse too; you report livestock abuse as you would non-livestock abuse.

Also note that two states, Utah, see U.C.A. 1953 § 76-9-301(1)(b)(2)(C), and Nebraska, see Neb. Rev. St. § 28-1008(2), specifically exclude livestock animals from their definition of “animal” within their cruelty statutes. However, Utah only exempts livestock if the livestock is treated in accordance with accepted animal husbandry practices or customary farming practices. This means that livestock not treated in accordance with these practices are included in Utah’s definition of animal and are therefore afforded protection under Utah’s cruelty statute. Nebraska, on the other hand, exempts all livestock from its general cruelty statute, but has a specific cruelty statute that offers protection to livestock. The Nebraskan Livestock Welfare Act makes the intentional abandonment, neglect, or cruel mistreatment of livestock (bovine, equine, swine, sheep, goats, domesticated cervine animals (deer), ratite birds (ostrich, emu. etc.), or poultry) a Class I misdemeanor or Class IV felony for subsequent offenses(see NE ST § 54-903(1)). 

 

7. What about websites that depict animal cruelty?

While some websites depict disturbing and tasteless images of animal cruelty, these images may not be proof that an actual animal was harmed; instead, the images may be computer generated. While you are free to voice your own disgust of these websites, the websites that depict pictures of animal cruelty where no cruelty has actually occurred, may be protected under the First Amendment.  However, if the images are depicting actual acts of animal cruelty, you may want to contact the Department of Justice, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, your local law enforcement, the Internet Service Provider (as the images may conflict with the provider's terms of service), the domain owner, or a SPCA/humane society in order to report these sites.    

 

8. What information should I have on hand when I make a report of animal cruelty?

When reporting animal cruelty, pictures and video evidence can help bolster your case, but please only take photos and video when you can safely and legally obtain them. To also help your case, you should also keep records of the time, the place, and the people who were involved in the cruelty, as well as the names of the people who may have witnessed the abuse. In other words, provide the authorities with a clear and concise written statement of what you observed. In addition to keeping records of what you observed, also record any and all phone calls or e-mails you made to the authorities in order to report the abuse.

While you may remain anonymous when reporting a case of animal cruelty, please note that some reporting authorities may not offer you that option. If you find one that does not offer you that option, you may look to report the cruelty somewhere else, but plenty of advocacy sites encourage you to remain known in case they need a witness to testify against the accused. 

 

9. How does this table work?

On the table located below, you will find three broad categories that provides link on where to report animal cruelty in general; where to report cruelty witnessed in pet stores; and where to report livestock and farm animal cruelty. While the table offers many links to specific jurisdictions, please remember that this is not an exhaustive list of all the places where you can report cruelty and you may need to use a search engine to find out where you can report animal cruelty in your municipality or county. Also note that these three categories may sometimes overlap. For instance, as no state exempts cruelty to animals in pet stores, kennels, boarding facilities or breeders, you may use the same links in the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column in addition to the information provided in the "Where to Report Cruelty Witnessed in Pet Stores, Kennels, Boarding Facilities or Breeders." Furthermore, you may also use the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column in addition to the information in the "Where to Report Cruelty to Livestock and Farm Animal Cruelty."

State Where to Report Animal Cruelty Where to Report Cruelty in Pet Stores, Kennels, Commercial Breeder Establishments, Pounds, or Shelters. Where to Report Livestock and Farm Animal Cruelty
Alabama

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, humane societies and animal related agencies you can use to report animal cruelty:

Greater Birmingham Humane Society

Mobile County SPCA provides some information for reporting animal cruelty

Alabama SPCA does not investigate cruelty, but will forward the complaint to the appropriate authorities

Marion County Humane Society

Decatur, Alabama

US Humane Society resources


 

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Alabama does not have an exception for farm animals or livestock in its cruelty statutes. However, Alabama provides provisions for livestock care in transit and in markets; see AL ST § 2-15-110. See the  Where to Report Animal Cruelty column for reporting links.

 

 

 

Alaska

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Department of Environmental Conservation

Anchorage

Kenai

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Alaska has an exception for animal husbandry in its cruelty statutes, see A. S. § 11.61.140(c)(3). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.

 

 

 

Arizona

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Arizona Humane Society (covers Phoenix and Scottsdale, but provides contact information for other cities):

Maricopa County

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Animal Cruelty Taskforce of Southern Arizona (scroll down to the bottom for a number)

 

Arizona has an exception for activities regulated by the AZ Department of Agriculture in its cruelty statutes, see AZ ST § 13-2910 (C)(3). You can report livestock cruelty to:

Department of Agriculture

 

 

 

 


 

Arkansas

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Montgomery County Humane Society

Humane Society of Garland County

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Department of Health, State Board of Health (for retail pet stores)

 

Arkansas has an exception for animal husbandry in its cruelty statutes, see A.C.A. § 5-62-105(a)(5). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. 

California

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

LA SPCA (Southern California):

Southern California Animal Control Agencies

Orange County

San Jose

San Diego Humane Society

Santa Cruz

Long Beach

Pasadena

Peninsula Humane Society

Hayward

San Bernardino

Fremont

Butte

Ventura County

Sacramento

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. California does not have an exception for farm animals or livestock in its cruelty statutes. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.
Colorado

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Colorado Humane Society

Bureau of Animal Protection

Humane Society and Bureau of Animal Protection

US Humane Society resources

Dumb Friends League

Sturm College of Law resources

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Colorado Department of Agriculture

 

Colorado has an exception for accepted animal husbandry in its cruelty statutes, see C. R. S. A. § 18-9-201.5. However, you can report cruelty to livestock here:

Colorado Department of Agriculture, Animal Industry Division

 

 


 

 

Connecticut

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Department of Agriculture Animal Control Division

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Department of Agriculture Animal Control Division

 


 

Connecticut has an exception for approved methods of slaughter for intentional cruelty, but not neglect, under its cruelty statutes, see CT ST § 53-247(b). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.


 

Delaware

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Kent County SPCA

Delaware SPCA

US Humane Society resources

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Kennel or Retail Dog Outlet Specifically for treatment of dogs, see 9 Del.C. § 903

Contact a Dog Control Agent in your county, see 9 Del.C. § 901(3) for a definition of a dog control agent

Delaware has an exception for killing animals raised for food if the killing is not cruel under its cruelty statutes, see  11 Del. C. § 1325(b)(4). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.



 

D.C.

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Washington Humane Society

See reporting requirements: DC ST § 22-1002.01

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Department of Consumer and Regulatory Affairs (for pet stores)

 

The District of Columbia does not have an exception for farm animals or livestock in its cruelty statutes. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. 

Florida

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Animal Rights Foundation of Florida provides contacts for all Florida counties

US Humane Society resources

 


 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Florida does not have an exception for farm animals or livestock in its general cruelty statutes. However, Florida does have provisions for killing cattle and horses, see FL ST § 828.12 and FL ST § 828.125. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. 

 

Georgia

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Advice from the Department of Agriculture

 

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Department of Agriculture Animal Industry Division Animal Protection

 


 

Georgia has an exception for accepted animal husbandry under its general cruelty statutes, see GA .ST. § 16-12-4(e). Also see the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. However, you can report cruelty to livestock here:

Department of Agriculture Animal Industry Equine Health

 



 

Hawaii

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

US Humane Society resources

Hawaii Humane Society (county of Honolulu)

Maui Humane Society

 


 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Hawaii does not have an exception for farm animals or livestock in its general cruelty statutes. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.

Idaho

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Idaho Humane Society (Ada County)

Advice from the Department of Agriculture

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Idaho has an exception for humane slaughter of animals raised for food or fiber under its cruelty statutes, see  I.C. § 25-3514. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. However, you can report cruelty to livestock here:

Department of Agriculture Animal Industry Division

 

 

 

Illinois

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Illinois Humane Society

Animal Rescue of Illinois provides some information on where to report

Illinois Department of Agriculture

 

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Illinois Department of Agriculture

 

Illinois has an exception for animal husbandry under its cruelty statutes, see I.C. § 25-3514. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.
 

Indiana

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Indiana State Board of Animal Health

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Indiana has an exception for acceptable farm management practices under its cruelty statutes, see I.C. 35-46-3-5(a)(5)(c). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. However, here is some advice from the Indiana State Board of Animal Health.


 

Iowa

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Statewide, Animal Rescue League of Iowa Cruelty Investigator:

(515) 284-6905

Information on reporting cruelty in Iowa

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship, Animal Industry Bureau

 

 

Iowa has a specific provision for livestock abuse, see IA ST § 717.7A, and the Iowa cruelty statutes indicate that you should report livestock abuse to local law enforcement, see IA ST § 717.7A.

 

 

 

Kansas

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Humane Society of Greater Kansas City

Animal Control Resources

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

For Pet Shops, contact the Commissioner of Department of Agriculture

 


 

Kansas has an exception for normal animal husbandry practices under its cruelty statutes, see K. S. A. §   21-6412(c)(6). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.

Kentucky

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Kentucky Animal Welfare Alliance  instructs to report to the County-Judge Executive and sheriffs, but the link that provides the information is broke, so use this.

US Humane Society

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Kentucky has an exception for killing animals for food processing or agricultural purposes under its cruelty statutes, see KRS § 525.130. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. However, you can also report livestock cruelty to:

Department of Agriculture

 

Louisiana

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Louisiana SPCA

Humane Society of Louisiana

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

For Pet Shops, contact the Commissioner of Department of Agriculture

 


 

Louisiana has an exception for agricultural processing under its cruelty statutes, see LA R.S. § 14:102.1(C)(6). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. 

Maine

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Department of Agriculture, Food,  and Rural Resources

US Humane Society resources

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Maine has an exception for agricultural under its cruelty statutes, see 7 M.R.S.A. § 4011(2)(D), but note the cruel confinement of calves raised for veal and sows during gestation, see 7 MRSA § 4020. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. 

 

  


Maryland

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Maryland SPCA

Queen Anne’s County Animal Services

Baltimore County Department of Health, Division of Animal Control

Local Law Enforcement

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

In Baltimore County, see Baltimore County Department of Health, Division of Animal Control

Kennels and pet stores may be inspected by an authorized director of a humane society accompanied by a sheriff or deputy sheriff, see MD Code, Criminal Law, § 10-616.

Maryland has an exception for customary and normal agricultural husbandry practices, see MD CRIM LAW § 10-603(1). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.

 

 

 

 

 


Massachusetts

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Statewide Hotline (Massachusetts SPCA):

(617) 522-6008 or (800) 628-5808

Animal Rescue League of Boston

Worchester Animal Rescue League

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Pet Shop:

See Massachusetts SPCA and Animal Rescue League of Boston link in the Animal Cruelty column.

See also Department of Food and Agriculture

 

 

Massachusetts does not have an exception for farm animals or livestock in its general cruelty statutes. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.
Michigan

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Michigan Humane Society (Detroit, Hamtramck, and Highland Park)

Ingham County

Genesee County

Macomb County

Humane Society of Huron Valley

US Humane Society resources

 

In 2009, the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development suspended issuing certificates of health to pet stores when it suspended the pet shop program in general. Those wishing to file complaints against pet shops are encouraged to contact local law enforcement. Additionally, since kennels in Michigan are regulated locally, those wishing to file complaints against them are encouraged to contact local law enforcement or their local animal control.  Lastly, for complaints against animal shelters, please contact the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (scroll down to find the number)

 

 

 

Michigan does not prohibit the lawful killing of livestock or a customary animal husbandry or farming practice involving livestock, see M.C.L.A. § 750.50b(8). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.

 

Minnesota

 The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Statewide Animal Cruelty Hotline:

(763) 489-2236

Animal Humane Society

Animal Folks Minnesota has a great resource for reporting cruelty as well

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Dealers, Commercial Breeders and Brokers for dogs and cats, report to the Department of Agriculture

Kennels, report to Minnesota Board of Animal Health

 


 

 

 

 

 

Minnesota does not have an exception for farm animals or livestock in its general cruelty statutes. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.
Mississippi

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Jackson County Animal Shelter

Humane Society of South Mississippi provides some contacts

Mississippi Animal Rescue League

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Mississippi does not have an exception for farm animals or livestock in its general cruelty statutes. However, Mississippi does have specific statutory provisions for livestock cruelty, see MS ST § 97-41-15. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. 

Missouri

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Humane Society of Missouri, statewide hotline:

(314) 647-4400

Resources provided by US Humane Society

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Canine Cruelty Prevention Unit (provides a number and online form to report cruelty of animal care facility)

Department of Agriculture, Division of Animal Health

 

Missouri exempts agricultural practices from its cruelty statutes,  see V. A. M. S. §  578.007(8). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. 

Montana

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Gallatian County

Lewis and Clark Humane Society (Helena)

Great Falls Animal Shelter

US Humane Society resources

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Montana exempts commonly accepted agricultural and livestock practices from its cruelty statutes, see MCA § 45-8-211(4)(b). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.

 

Nebraska

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Nebraska Humane Society

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry (for dogs and cats only)

 

Nebraska excludes livestock animals from the definition of animals in its cruelty statutes, see Neb. Rev. St. § 28-1008(2). However, Nebraska has specific provisions for livestock abuse under its Livestock Animal Welfare Act.  Report to local law enforcement.  
Nevada

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Advice from Las Vegas Valley Humane Society

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Note: No SPCA is authorized to enforce laws relating to pet stores, kennels, and breeders: see NV ST § 574.350.

 


 

Nevada has an exemption for animal husbandry in its cruelty statutes, see N. R. S. § 574.200(6). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. 

New Hampshire

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Advice from the New Hampshire Governor’s Commission on the Humane Treatment of Animals

Department of Agriculture, Markets, and Food

New Hampshire Humane Society of Laconia

Animal Rescue League of New Hampshire

New Hampshire Police Departments

US Humane Society resources

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

For Persons, firm, corporation or other entity shall engage in the business of transferring with or without a fee or donation required, to the public, live animals or birds customarily used as household pets (NH ST § 437:3):

Department of Agriculture Markets, and Food

 

New Hampshire does not have an exception for farm animals or livestock in its general cruelty statutes. However, New Hampshire has a specific statutory provisions for horses, see NH ST § 435:12. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. Additionally, you can also report livestock cruelty to:

Department of Agriculture, Markets, and Food

 

New Jersey

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

New Jersey SPCA Statewide Hotline and Online Reporting Form:

800-582-5979

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Department of Health, Division of Animal Health (pet shops, kennels, pound, and shelters)

 

 

New Jersey exempts livestock raised in accordance with standards in its cruelty statutes, see N. J. S. A. §  4:22-16(e). See the See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. Additionally, you can also report livestock cruelty to:

Department of Agriculture, Division of Animal Health

 


 

New Mexico

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Animal Protection of New Mexico, statewide hotline:

888-260-2178

Four Corners Animal League

 

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

New Mexico exempts treatment of livestock and other animals used on farms and ranches for production of food, fiber, etc. where the treatment is in accordance with accepted practices, see NM ST § 30-18-1(4)(J). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. Additionally, you can also report livestock cruelty to:

New Mexico Livestock Board

 

 

New York

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Central New York SPCA

Upstate New York SPCA

Suffolk County SPCA

Westchester SPCA

New York City (scroll down to find the number)

US Humane Society resources

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Commissioner of Agriculture and Markets for pet dealers of dogs and cats

 

New York does not have an exception for farm animals or livestock in its general cruelty statutes. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.
North Carolina

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Wake County SPCA provides the contacts of multiple counties

US Humane Society resources

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (livestock dealers, livestock markets, pet shops, animal shelters, boarding kennels, and cat/dog dealers)

 

 

 


North Carolina exempts lawful activities conducted for food production in its cruelty statutes, see N.C.G.S.A. § 14-360 (c)(2a). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.


 

North Dakota

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Humane Society of the Black Hills

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

North Dakota exempts usual and customary practice in production agriculture in its cruelty statutes, see NDCC § 36-21.1-01(5)(b). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.

 

Ohio

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Ohio SPCA, statewide hotline:

(740) 420-2984

Capital Area Humane Society

Fairfield Area Humane Society

Humane Society of Greater Akron

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Department of Agriculture

 

Ohio does not have an exception for farm animals or livestock in its general cruelty statutes. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. Additionally, you can also report livestock cruelty to:

Department of Agriculture, Livestock Care Standards Board

 

 

Oklahoma

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Advice from the city of Tulsa:

Tulsa SPCA

US Humane Society

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

For Commercial Pet Breeders

 

 

Oklahoma does not have an exception for farm animals or livestock in its general cruelty statutes. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.
Oregon

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Advice from the Oregon Humane Society and more advice from the society.

 

Humane Societies of Oregon

Crime Stoppers of Oregon, Crimes Against Animals

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Oregon exempts animal husbandry practices in its cruelty statutes, see O. R. S. § 167.310(2). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. 

Pennsylvania

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Pennsylvania SPCA statewide hotline:

1-866-601-7722

Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture Humane Society Police Registry

 

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture

 

Pennsylvania exempts normal agricultural operations in its cruelty statutes, see 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 5511(c)(3). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. 

 

Rhode Island

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Rhode Island SPCA

Rhode Island Veterinary Medical Association

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Department of Environmental Management

 

Rhode Island exempts for licensed businesses killing animals for human consumption in its cruelty statutes, see RI ST § 4-1-5(b). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.

 

South Carolina

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Prevention of Animal Cruelty

Speak For Animals provides a few county contact numbers

Charleston Animal Society also provides a few contacts

Berkley County

US Humane Society resources

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

South Carolina exempts animal husbandry its cruelty statutes, see Code 1976 § 47-1-40(c). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. 

South Dakota

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Sioux Falls Area Humane Society

 


 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

South Dakota exempts animal husbandry its cruelty statutes, see S D C L § 40-1-2.4. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. Additionally, you can also report livestock cruelty to:

South Dakota Animal Industry Board

 

 

Tennessee

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Tennessee SPCA

Fayetteville/Lincoln County Animal Shelter

 


 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Tennessee exempts customary agricultural practices its cruelty statutes, see T. C. A. § 39-14-202. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. 

 

Texas

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Texas SPCA

Humane Society of Central Texas

Houston Humane Society

Fort Worth

East Texas SPCA

Dallas County

Dallas area

 

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, for animal shelters in counties with a population of over 75,000, you may want to contact the regional Zoonosis Control Group

Texas exempts animal husbandry its cruelty statutes, see V. T. C. A., Penal Code § 42.09, which also provides specific provisions for livestock cruelty. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.

 

Utah

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Humane Society of Utah, statewide hotline:

(801) 261-2919 extension 210


 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

 
Utah excludes livestock in normal animal husbandry practices from its definition of animal in its cruelty statutes, see U.C.A. 1953 § 76-9-301(1)(b)(ii)(C). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.

 

 

Vermont

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

All Counties in Vermont  and an Online Form (Vermont Humane Federation)

US Humane Society resources

 

 

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

Pet Merchants (see definition 7 VSA §  3906):

Secretary of Agriculture, Food and Markets (involving livestock and poultry)

 

 

Vermont exempts livestock and poultry husbandry practices, as defined by 13 VSA §  351(13), from its cruelty statutes, see 13 VSA §  351. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. Additionally, you can also report livestock cruelty to:


Secretary of Agriculture, Food and Markets (involving livestock and poultry see 13 VSA §  354(a)):


 

 


 

 

 

Virginia

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Department of Agricultural and Consumer Services

Northern Virgina SPCA

US Humane Society resources

 

 

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column. However, violations may also be reported to:

For Commercial Dog Breeders:

State Veterinarian

Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services

For Animal Shelters, Pounds, and Pet Stores:

State Veterinarian

 

 

 

Virgina's cruelty statute provides exceptions in dealing with companion animals and also provides exceptions in the agricultural animals provision, see VA ST § 3.2-6503.1(B). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.

 

 

Washington

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

PAWS

Seattle Humane Society (with other contact numbers)

City of Tacoma

Baauhaus Animal Rescue Group

Clark County

Humane Society of Skagit Valley

Humane Societies of Washington

 

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Washington exempts accepted husbandry practices in its cruelty statutes, see WA ST §16.52.185. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. 

West Virginia The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

West Virgina exempts lawful acts of farm animals in its cruelty statutes, see WV ST § 61-8-19(f). See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. Additionally, you can also report livestock cruelty to:

Livestock Care Standards Board, see WV ST §§ 19-1C-1 to 19-1C-6:

 

 

Wisconsin

The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911.However, here are some, but not all, resources, that you can use to report animal cruelty:

Wisconsin Humane Society provides information on where to report animal cruelty

The Wisconsin Humane Society also has an anti-cruelty information line that may help you

Waukesha County Animal Shelter also provides some information

US Humane Society resources

 

Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Wisconsin provides a specific exemption to farm animals in its cruelty statutes, see WI ST 951.14. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links.

 


 

Wyoming The best place to report animal cruelty is the police department that covers your local city, town or county. Please use your favorite search engine to find this contact information. For emergencies, like a complaint about a dog fight in progress, you may want to call 911. Cruelty in pet shops and breeding facilities can be reported to law enforcement and, in some cases, SPCA/humane societies like general cruelty in the previous column.

Wyoming exempts industry accepted agricultural and livestock practices from its cruelty statutes (see WY ST § 6-3-203(m)(ii)), but Wyoming provides specific provisions for cruelty to livestock, see WY ST §§ 11-29-101 to 115. See the "Where to Report Animal Cruelty" column for reporting links. Additionally, you can also report livestock cruelty to:

Wyoming Livestock Board

 

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