Animal Legal and Historical Center
Great Apes and the Law: A complete resource for the legal status of the Great Apes within the United States
Michigan State University College of Law

General information

Federal and International

State

Specific State Information

  • Missouri
  • Florida
  • California
  • Texas

Share |
Illinois

West's Smith-Hurd Illinois Compiled Statutes Annotated. Chapter 720. Criminal Offenses. Offenses Against the Public. Act 585. Illinois Dangerous Animals Act

Statute Details
Printable Version
Citation: IL ST CH 720 § 585/0.1 - 4

Citation: 720 I.L.C.S. 585/0.1 - 4


Last Checked by Web Center Staff: 02/2011

Summary:  

This section comprises the Illinois Dangerous Animals Act. Under the act, no person shall have a right of property in, keep, harbor, care for, act as custodian of or maintain in his possession any dangerous animal or primate except at a properly maintained zoological park, federally licensed exhibit, circus, college or university, scientific institution, research laboratory, veterinary hospital, hound running area, or animal refuge in an escape-proof enclosure. Any person violating this Act shall be guilty of a Class C misdemeanor.



Statute in Full:

585/0.1. Definitions

§ 0.1. Definitions. As used in this Act, unless the context otherwise requires:

“Dangerous animal” means a lion, tiger, leopard, ocelot, jaguar, cheetah, margay, mountain lion, lynx, bobcat, jaguarundi, bear, hyena, wolf or coyote, or any poisonous or life-threatening reptile.

“Owner” means any person who (a) has a right of property in a dangerous animal or primate, (b) keeps or harbors a dangerous animal or primate, (c) has a dangerous animal or primate in his care, or (d) acts as custodian of a dangerous animal or primate.

“Person” means any individual, firm, association, partnership, corporation, or other legal entity, any public or private institution, the State of Illinois, or any municipal corporation or political subdivision of the State.

“Primate” means a nonhuman member of the order primate, including but not limited to chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan, bonobo, gibbon, monkey, lemur, loris, aye-aye, and tarsier.

CREDIT(S)

P.A. 76-1885, § 0.1, added by P.A. 84-28, § 3, eff. Jan. 1, 1986. Amended by P.A. 96-1219, § 5, eff. Jan. 1, 2011.

Formerly Ill.Rev.Stat.1991, ch. 8, ¶ 240.

HISTORICAL AND STATUTORY NOTES

P.A. 96-1219, § 5, in definition of “owner”, inserted “or primate” following “animal” four times; and added definition of “Primate”.

Title of Act:

An Act to prohibit the keeping of certain animals and reptiles, and to provide penalties for the violation thereof. P.A. 76-1885, approved and eff. Oct. 10, 1969.

 

585/1. Dangerous animals and primates; prohibitions

§ 1. Dangerous animals and primates; prohibitions.

(a) No person shall have a right of property in, keep, harbor, care for, act as custodian of or maintain in his possession any dangerous animal or primate except at a properly maintained zoological park, federally licensed exhibit, circus, college or university, scientific institution, research laboratory, veterinary hospital, hound running area, or animal refuge in an escape-proof enclosure.

(b) This Section does not prohibit a person who had lawful possession of a primate before January 1, 2011, from continuing to possess that primate if the person registers the animal by providing written notification to the local animal control administrator on or before April 1, 2011. The notification shall include:

(1) the person's name, address, and telephone number; and

(2) the type of primate, the age, a photograph, a description of any tattoo, microchip, or other identifying information, and a list of current inoculations.

(c) A person who registers a primate shall notify the local animal control administrator within 30 days of a change of address. If the person moves to another locality within the State, the person shall register the primate with the new local animal control administrator within 30 days of moving by providing written notification as provided in subsection (b) and shall include proof of the prior registration.

(d) A person who registers a primate shall notify the local animal control administrator immediately if the primate dies, escapes, or bites, scratches, or injures a person.

(e) This Section does not prohibit a person who is permanently disabled with a severe mobility impairment from possessing a single capuchin monkey to assist the person in performing daily tasks if:

(1) the capuchin monkey was obtained from and trained at a licensed nonprofit organization described in Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, the nonprofit tax status of which was obtained on the basis of a mission to improve the quality of life of severely mobility-impaired individuals; and

(2) the person complies with the notification requirements as described in subsection (b).

CREDIT(S)

P.A. 76-1885, § 1, eff. Oct. 10, 1969. Amended by P.A. 84-28, § 3, eff. Jan. 1, 1986; P.A. 95-196, § 10, eff. Jan. 1, 2008; P.A. 96-1219, § 5, eff. Jan. 1, 2011.

Formerly Ill.Rev.Stat.1991, ch. 8, ¶ 241.

HISTORICAL AND STATUTORY NOTES

P.A. 84-28 rewrote the section to exclude a specific enumeration of named animals.

P.A. 95-196, § 10, inserted “, hound running area,”.

P.A. 96-1219, § 5, inserted the section name line; designated subsec. (a); in newly designated (a), inserted “or primate” following “dangerous animal”, inserted “college or university” following “circus,” and deleted “or educational” following “scientific”; and added subsecs. (b) through (e).

 

585/2. Domestication no defense

§ 2. It is no defense to a violation of Section 1 that the person violating such Section has attempted to domesticate the dangerous animal. If there appears to be imminent danger to the public, any dangerous animal found not in compliance with the provisions of this Act shall be subject to seizure and may immediately be placed in an approved facility. Upon the conviction of a person for a violation of Section 1, the animal with regard to which the conviction was obtained shall be confiscated and placed in an approved facility, with the owner thereof to be responsible for all costs connected with the seizure and confiscation of such animal. Approved facilities include, but are not limited to, a zoological park, federally licensed exhibit, humane society, veterinary hospital or animal refuge.

CREDIT(S)

P.A. 76-1885, § 2, eff. Oct. 10, 1969. Amended by P.A. 84-28, § 3, eff. Jan. 1, 1986.


 

585/3. Violations; corporations and partnerships

§ 3. Any person violating this Act shall be guilty of a Class C misdemeanor. Each day of violation constitutes a separate offense.

In the event the person violating this Act is a corporation or partnership, any officer, director, manager or managerial agent of the partnership or corporation who violates this Section or causes the partnership or corporation to violate this Section is guilty of a Class C misdemeanor.

CREDIT(S)

P.A. 76-1885, § 3, eff. Oct. 10, 1969. Amended by P.A. 77-2685, § 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1973; P.A. 84-28, § 3, eff. Jan. 1, 1986.

Formerly Ill.Rev.Stat.1991, ch. 8, ¶ 243.

HISTORICAL AND STATUTORY NOTES

P.A. 77-2685 substituted the words, “guilty of a petty offense,” for “fined from $25 to $200.”

The amendment by P.A. 77-2685 was necessary to conform penalties under this section with the Unified Code of Corrections.

P.A. 84-28 rewrote the section which formerly provide that violations of the act constituted petty offense.


 

585/4. Short title

§ 4. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the “Illinois Dangerous Animals Act”.

CREDIT(S)

P.A. 76-1885, § 4, added by P.A. 84-28, § 3, eff. Jan. 1, 1986.

Formerly Ill.Rev.Stat.1991, ch. 8, ¶ 244.

 



Top of Page
Share |